NURSING 102 NUTRITION

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NUTRITION

THE SUM OF PROCESS INVOLVED IN TAKING NUTRIENTS AND ABSORBING AND USING THEM

METABOLISM

PROCESS BY WHICH LARGE MOLECULES ARE BROKEN DOWN INTO SMALLER MOLECULES TO MAKE ENERGY AVAILABLE TO THE ORGANISM

DIGESTION

PROCESS OF CONVERTING FOOD INTO CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES THAT CAN BE ABSORBED INTO THE BLOOD AND UTILIZED BY BODY TISSUE

Amino Acids

organic compounds that are the chief components of proteins

BMI Body Mass Index

uses height and weight to estimate fat values at which the risk for diseases increases

Carbohydrates

the body's main source of energy

Carotenoids

fat-soluble phytonutrients

Cholesterol

A component of fat

Colostrum

The first breast fluid

Complementary proteins

plant sources of protein

Essential Amino Acids

amino acids that must be consumed through food sources

Fat

an essential nutrient

Fiber

portion of carbohydrates that cannot be broken down by intestinal enzymes and juices

Fructose

Fruit sugar

Glucose

Metabolized form of sugar in the body

Incomplete proteins

plant sources of protein

Kosher

prepared for use according to Jewish law

kwashiorkor

a conditon occuring in infants and young children soon after weaning from breast milk, due to severe protein deficiency

lacto-ovo-vegetarian

Dairy products, eggs, and plant foods are included in the diet

lactose

milk sugar

lactovegeterian

eggs are excluded. Dairy products and plant foods are included

Malnutrition

a disorder of nutrition related to unbalanced diet, malabsorption, or lack of assimilation of nutrients

Marasmus

severe starvation

Minerals

inorganic substances contained in animals and plants

My Pyramid

Consists of Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Oils, Milk, and Meat&Beans

Non essential amino acids

manufactured by the liver

Nutrients

biochemical substances used by the body that must be supplied in adequate amounts from food consumed

Obesity

excessive accumulation of body fat

Protein

essential to meet the body's need to build and replace tissue and cells

Saturated Fats

fatty acids that come from animal food sources, coconut oil, and palm oil

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