Medical Terminology unit 13

143 terms by majy87 

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respiratory

body system that is responsible for oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange

alveoli

spherical structures surrounded by capillaries through which O2 and CO2 exchange occurs

pneumono

lungs

pneumonectomy

excision of part or all of a lung

pneumonotomy

incision into the lung

pneumonopathy

any disease of the lungs

pneumonorrhagia

hemorrhage of a lung

-pnea

breathing

pneo

breathing

pneumonia

inflammation of the lung

pneumonocentesis

surgical puncture of a lung to remove fluid

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid

-ectasia

dilation or expansion

-ectasis

dilation or expansion

atelectasis

collapsed lung

pneumonopexy

surgical fixation of a prolapsed lung

melano

black

pneumonomelanosis

black lung disease

myco

fungus

pneumonomycosis

fungal infection of the lungs

mycosis

condition caused by a fungus

pneumonomycosis

condition of lung fungus

mycoid

resembling fungus

mycology

science and study of fungi

pharyngomycosis

fungal disease of the pharynx

pharynx

throat

rhinomcyosis

fungal infection of the nose

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin

mcyodermatitis

inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus

pneumothorax

air in the chest cavity

pneumoderma

collection of air under the skin

pneumotherapy

treatment using air

spirometer

measures lung volume

pneumometer

measures air volume

sero

serum

pneumoserothorax

collection of air and serum in the thorax

pneumopyothorax

collection of air and pus in the thorax

pneumohemothorax

collection of air and blood in the thorax

pulmono

lung

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

pneo

breathing or breath

embolism

process of having an embolus

embolus

a moving blood clot

ortho

straight

orthorpnea

difficulty breathing if laying straight in a horizontal position

bradypnea

slow breathing

hemo

blood

ptyalo

saliva or sputum

hemoptysis

condition of bloody sputum

ptyalorrhea

flow of saliva

pty

sputum

hemoptysis

bloody sputum

naso

nasal cavity

mento

chin

nasomental

pertaining to the nasal cavity and chin

epistaxis

nosebleed

pharyngolith

calculus in the wall of the pharynx

pharyngomycosis

fungal disease of the pharynx

pharyngocele

herneation of the throat

pharyngotomy

incision of the pharynx

pharyngopathy

disease of the pharynx

pharyngoplasty

surgical repair of the throat

laryngo

larynx

laryngalgia

pain in the larynx

laryngostomy

creating a new opening in the larynx

laryngocele

herniation of the larynx

laryngopathy

any disease of the larynx

laryngospasm

uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords

tracheo

trachea

tracheopyosis

condition with pus in the trachea

tracheorrhagia

hemorrhage from the trachea

trachealgia

tracheal pain

tracheostomy

surgical creation of a new opening in the trachea

endotracheal

within the trachea

broncholith

bronchial stone

bronchorrhagia

bronchial hemorrhage

bronchorrhaphy

suturing of the bronchi

pleural

membrane around the lungs

pleuralgia

pleural membrane pain

pleurocentesis

surgical puncture of the pleura to remove fluid

visceropleural

the membrane attached to the lung

pleurolith

stone in the pleural cavity

phreno

diaphragm

-plegia

paralysis

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

diaphragmo

diaphragm

phrenectomy

excision of a portion of the phrenic nerve

dextro

right

sinistro

left

sinistrad

toward the left

sinistral

pertaining to the left

sinistrocardia

displacement of the heart to the left

sinstrocerebral

pertaining to the left half of the cerebrum

manual

hand

pedal

foot

sinistromanual

left-handed

sinistropedal

left-footed

dextrad

toward the right

dextragastria

displacement of the stomach to the right

dextromanual

right-handed

-iatrist

indicates medical professionals or physicians (n)

-iatric

indicates medical professionals or physicians (ad)

podiatrist

specialist in care of conditions of the feet

chirospasm

spasm of the hand

chiro

hand

chiropractic

practice of using hands for therapeutic spinal and skull manipulation, a philosophy of medicine based on muscuskeletal alignment and holistic health practices

chiroplasty

surgical repair of the hand

pedia

child

pediatrician

physician specialist who treats children

pediatrics

medical specialty for treatment of diseases of children

psychiatrist

doctor who specializes in mental disorders

geri

old age

gerontology

study of aging

asthma

inflammatory lung disease with narrowing of the bronchi

bronchospasm

uncontrolled contraction of the bronchial muscles

cardiopulmonary

pertaining to the heart and lungs

croup

laryngotracheobronchitis with a hoarse cough

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

emphysema

loss of elasticity of terminal bronchioles

endotracheal

inside the trachea

geriatrics

medical specialty studying aging and related diseases

hemoglobin

RBC protein that carries O2

hyperpnea

increase in depth and rate of breathing

larynx

voice box

laryngotomy

making a temporary incision into the larynx

nasoantritis

inflammation of the nose and antrum

nasofrontal

nasal and frontal bones

nasolacrimal

nose and lacrimal ducts

nasopharyngeal

nose and pharynx

nasopharyngitis

inflammation fo the nose and pharynx

otorhinolaryngologist

physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat

pedialgia

foot pain

pertussis

whooping cough

pharynx

throat

pleurectomy

excision of part of the pleura

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura

pulmonary

pertaining to the lung

tachypnea

fast breathing

trachea

windpipe

tracheocele

herniation of the tracheal wall

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

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