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Comitatius

loyalty to one's lord

Nagling

sword of Beowulf

kenning

two word metaphor

Shyld Sheafson

leader of the Danes

caesura

a pause or break in the line

in medias res

in the middle of things

Hrunting

the great sword given to Beowulf by Unferth

hubris

excessive pride

mail-shirt

Beowulf's armor

Herot

Hrothgar built this hall which was known as the mead hall

Hyglac

king of the gates

Healfdane

father of Hrothgar

Edgetho

father of Beowulf

Wiglaf

faithful to Beowulf

Unferth

soldier who doubted Beowulf

allegory

a story told on multiple levels

Hrothgar

king of the Danes

Grendel

descendant of Cain

Scop

poet and historian

Aeschere

best friend of Hrothgar killed by Grendel

Germanic tribes

Angles Saxons and Jutes

Brecca

allusion to a swimming race in which Beowulf lost

Pyre

the burial of a warrior by fire

Alliteration

repetition of sounds

Litotes

an ironic understatement

Metonymy

when you use one term to refer to the other

Synecdoche

using a part for a whole

Wulfgar

he was the sentinel of Hrothgar who greeted Beowulf

Elegy

poem morning the death of someone

Pagan

funeral pyre, fate, avenging a death

Christian

belief in the g-d

vikings

Danes

the date of the manuscript

1000 a.d.

writhing

extreme pain

omens

predictions of something to come

scabbard

tip of the sword

hilt

handle of the sword

talons

claws

reparation

forgiveness

malice

evil

solace

peace

Two examples of Anglo Saxon art

jewelry and poetry

The author of Beowulf

anonymous

Shroud

a burial cloth

epic

long narrative poem

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