addiction or dependence
self-destructive habit that someone finds difficult or impossible to quit
a habitual overuse of alcohol
Type I alcoholism
alcoholism that is generally less severe, equally common in men and women, less dependent on genetics, and likely to develop gradually, presumably in response to difficulties in life
Type II alcoholism
alcoholism that is generally more sever, more common in men, more often associated with aggressive or antisocial behavior, more dependent on genetics, and likely to begin earlier in life
trade name for disulfiram, a drug used in the treatment of alcohol; makes a person sick when they have a drink
a drug commonly offered as a less dangerous substitute for opiates.
small area of the brain stimulated by addictive drugs
A neurotransmitter associated with movement, attention and learning and the brain's pleasure and reward system.
approach that concentrates on decreasing the frequency of drug use and minimizing the harmful consequences to health and well-being
behavioral therapy that involves rewarding a client for desired behaviors and not providing rewards for undesired behaviors
may be effective for heroin detox and maintenance therapy; long duration of action, less severe withdrawal symptoms