What is the master/couple of ren?
What is the master/couple of du?
What is the master/couple of chong?
What is the master/couple of dai?
What is the master/couple of yin wei?
What is the master/couple of yang wei?
SJ5, GB 41
What is the master/couple of yin qiao?
What is the master/couple of yang qiao?
What is the pathway of ren?
Originate @ uterus/lower ab, emerges @ ren1, ant. pubes, ab>throat, curves lips meet DU28, pass cheek, enter infraorbital, ends St1.
2nd branch: pelvic cavity> enter spine> ascends back
What is the pathway of Du?
Orig. uterus/lower ab, emerges Ren1> ascends int of spine to DU12> diverts UB12> DU13> ascends to DU16> enters BRAIN, ascends vertex>forehead>nose> ends Du28
What is the pathway of the Chong?
Orig. inside low ab & emerge perineum. Ascends inside spine. Superficial branch pass ST30 & communicate W/ KI (Ki11/21). Ascends both sides of ab> throat>curves around lips
What is the pathway of the Dai?
Orig. below Hypochondriac region> run olbique down to GB 26, 27,28. Run transverse around waist like belt.
What is pathway of Yin Wei?
Orig. medial aspect leg @ KI9, ascends medial thigh>ab to communicate w/ SP & LIV @ SP13, 15,16, LIV14. Ascends chest and communicate w/ Ren22,Ren 23
What is the pathway of Yang Wei?
Orig. heel@ UB63, emerge: ext. mallelolus, ascends GB channel, pass hip>hypochondriac region>ascend post axilla/ shoulder Si10, SJ15, GB21> forehead Gb13,14,15, back neck, Du 15, DU 16
What is the pathway of Yin Qiao?
Orig. post. navicular bone @ Ki6, ascendsmed. malleolus to Ki8> medial thigh> ext. genitalia> ab/chest> supraclavicular fossa(SCF)>lat to adam's apple ST9> zygoma>inner canthus communicates w/ Yang Qiao
What is the pathway of Yang Qiao?
Orig. at lat heel @ UB62> UB61, ascends lat. mallelous to UB59>post. of fibula>lat. thigh, ascends hypoc.>post. axillary fold>shoulder Si10,Li15,16>mouth ST4,ST3, ST1>inner canthus UB1>communicate Yin Qiao> ascends UB forehead>post.lateral head>behind ear GB20, enter brain DU20
Which 3 channels originate in the lower ab/uterus?
Where does the Dai originate?
LIV 13 area
Crossing points of Ren?
Du 28, ST1
Crossing points of DU?
REN 1, UB 12
Crossing points of Chong?
REN1, St30, KI11, KI21
Crossing points of Dai?
Gb26, GB27, GB 28
Crossing points of Yin Wei?
Ki9, SP13, 15,16, LIV 14, REN 22,23
Crossing points of Yang Wei?
UB63, Gb35, Si10, SJ15, GB21, GB13-20, Du 16, DU 15
Crossing points of Yin QIao?
Ki6, KI8, UB1
Crossing points of Yang Qiao?
UB59, 61, 62, Gb20, 29, Si10, Li15,16, St1,3,4,UB1
What are pathologies of REN?
reproductive system, gyn, hernia, dysuria, asthma, nocturnal emissions, leucorreah
What are pathologies of DU?
febrile dz (d/t wind), head/face/back/neck nervous system/sense organs d/o
What are pathologies of CHONG?
SHI patterns of stagnation, dysmenorreah, infertility, ab pain/spasm
What are pathologies of DAI?
weak lumbar, temporal h/a, GB d/o(gallstones,"itis"), uterine prolapse,leucorreah, distended weak ab
What are pathologies of Yin Wei?
Int. Syndrome: chest/Cardiac P°, STache, anxiety, mental restlessness, insomnia
What are pathologies of Yang Wei?
Ext. Syndrome: F/C & channel pain from tai yang/shaoyang, ear problem, Dypsnea w/ raised shoulder
What are pathologies of Yin Qiao?
NIGHT epilepsy,INVERSION of foot, SOMNOLENCE (+yin), eye dz, low/lat ab,hip/lumbar P°, dribbling P° urination, throat/vocal cord d/o
What are pathologies of Yang Qiao?
DAY epilepsy, EVERSION of the foot, lumbar P°/stiff, excess yang, eye dz, dribbling P° urination
What is the lou of the Ren?
What is the lou of the Du?
What is the Xi cleft pt of the Yin Wei?
What is the Xi cleft pt of the Yang Wei?
What is the Xi cleft pt of the Yin Qiao?
What is the Xi cleft pt of the Yang Qiao?
What are the actions of ren?
regulate, circulate yin to nourish/lube organs & channels, reg. reproductive, internal organ fx, tx 7 hernias
What are the actions of du?
reg yang channel, circ.heat/yang to warm channel&organ, strenghten body immune, influence brain, head, sense organ fx
What are the actions of chong?
stores and reg. blood, reg. 12 primary channels
What are the actions of dai?
control/bind all channels that travel LONGITUDINALLY, reg. leukorreah, GB channel, sides body
What are the actions of the Yin Wei?
dominate the interior, balance emotion
What are the actions of Yang Wei?
dominate the ext, reg qi in TAI YANG/SHAO YANG, balance emotion, links all yang channels, balance yang qi
What are the actions of YIn Qiao?
balance yin & yang of lower extremities, reg open and closing eyes/sleep cycles, reg. brain fx
What are the actions of Yang Qiao?
balance yin & yang of lower extremities, reg open and closing eyes/sleep cycles, reg. brain fx
LU primary channel pathology
cough. asthma, pain ant/medial arm, hemoptisis
Which 3 primary channels have no crossing points?
LU, HT, PC
LU LOU Channel pathology
excess: hot palms/wrist, deficient: yawning, enuresis, frequent urine
LU TMM channel pathology
cramps along channel, acumm. of lumps,tension below R lat coastal area, hemoptysis
Lou of the LU
Lu 7 (thenar eminence)
LI crossing points
Si12, Du14, St4, Du 26
LI primary channel pathology
toothache, ant/lat border upper limb, diarreah, dysentery
LI lou channel pathology
Excess: toothache, deafness, Defiency: cold teeth, full congested chest
LI TMM pathology
cramp/P° on channel, inability to raise arm/shoulders, ø turn neck L/R, TMJ
ST channel crossing points
D4, GB 3,4,6, LI20-UB1, Ren24, DU 26, REN 12,1,3
ST primary channel pathology
hunger, deviation of the mouth, fever/mania, borborygmus, ab distention
ST lou channel pathology
excess: insanity, epilepsy, deficient: flaccid/atrophy muscle legs &feet, pharyngytis, aphasia(sudden loss of voice)
ST great lou
ST 18 on LEFT (apex of heart)
ST great lou pathology
excess: knot in chest, deficient: irregular breathing suffucating sens. chest, angina, HT attach
ST TMM pathology
cramp/spasm low leg, COLD: ø close eyes, HOT: ø open eyes + sudden deviation mouth, upper lumbar, lower thoracic, strained middle toe
What 3 extra channels curve around the mouth?
Ren, Du, Chong
Extra channels that enter brain?
Du, Yin Qiao, Yang Qiao, Yang Wei
Extra channels that enter spine?
Ren, Du, Chong
Extra channels share UB1
Du, Yin Qiao, Yang Qiao
Extra channels share Si10
Yang Wei, Yang qiao
Extra channels that go to eye region
Ren, Du, Yang Qiao, Yin Qiao
lower surface of tongue
SP crossing points
REN 3,4,10, GB24, LIV 14, LU 1 (mu pts)
SP Primary channel pathology
belching, jaundice, stiff pain @ tongue root
SP LOU channel pathology
Excess: ab P° rebel qi (vomit/diarreah), food poison Deficient: Ab distention
SP Great lou
SP TMM pathology
pain/cramps in med mall., knee, thigh, inguinal, twisting P° in genitals> reach navel/lat costal> P* chest/interior spine
lower surface of tongue
HT primary channel pathology
insomnia, thirst, palpitatations, cardiac P°, night sweats
HT lou channel pathology
excess: fullness/oppression of chest, deficient: aphasia
HT TMM pathology
P°/cramp along channel,int acumm. below the HT
SI crossing points
UB1, GB1, SJ22, Ub11,DU14,UB41, REN 12,13,17
SI Primary channel pathology
yellow sclera, P° in post. of lat aspect of shoulder/arm, deafness, swelling of cheek, breast d/o (lactation,mastitis)
SI lou channel pathology
Excess: loose joints, atrophy of arm/elbow muscles Deficient: long finger shaped warts, scabies
SI TMM pathology
strained little finger, P° in channel, tinnitus, pain in ear>submandibular, NEED to close eyse for long itme to see clearly
brain @ vertex
DU 13, 14, 17, 20, 24, GB7,8(10-12), 15,30
UB primary channel pathology
retention of urine, malaria, psycho emotional D/o, d/o lumbar/lower orifice/head/ eyes/ post. leg, INT/EXT wind, H/A
UB Lou Channel pathology
Excess: nasal congestion, H/a, back P°, Deficiency: clear nasal discharge, nosebleed
UB TMM pathology
strain of little toe, popliteal,axillary,clavicle,SCF ø raise arm@ shoulder,
KI crossing pts
all leg yin: SP 6, REn 3,4,Du 1
KI Primary pathology
IMPOTENCE, freq. urination/emission, dry tongue, asthma, menstrual d/o, lumbar d/o (xu)
KI lou channel pathology
excess: retention of urine, irritability, depression deficiency: low back pain
Ki TMM pathology
cramp at bottom of foot, convulsion, spasm epilepsy YANG /do-inability to bend lumbar forward, YIN- inability to bend lumbar back
PC primary pathology
mental restlessness, manic mental d/o, cardiac P°,palpitations, flushed face, axilla swelling
PC Lou channel pathology
excess: chest P°, deficiency: stiff head/neck
PC TMM channel pathology
strain/cramp aling channel, chest P w/ urgent breathing & inverted cup sensation below Low R ribs
ear and outer eye
SJ Crossing points
DU14, ST12, Si12, SI 18,19, GB1,2,3,4,5, GB21
SJ Primary pathology
deafness tinnitus, edema pain in outer canthus, swelling of cheeks, retroauricular pain
SJ lou channel pathology
excess: elbow spasm, Deficiency: flaccid muscle below arm and elbow
SJ TMM channel pathology
strain/cramp on channel, curled tongue
ear, outer canthus
GB crossing points
ST 5,6,7,8, SJ 17,20,22,Si 12,19, UB1,11,31-34
GB primary d/o
blurring of vision, bitter taste, P° in jaw, axilla, chest, SCF w/ swelling
GB Lou pathology
excess: fainting, deficiency: weak,flaccid foot muscle, diff. to stand from sitting position
GB TMM pathology
strain/cramp 4th toe lead to cramp of lat knee, ø bend/extend knee. spasm/P° med. thigh; if look Right- R eye not open and Vs.
eye, inner surface of lips
LIV Crossing points
SP6, SP12,13,REn 2,3,4, DU20
LIV Lou channel Pathology
EXCESS: swelling of testicles, hernia d/o, abnormal erection w/ rebel qi rising DEFICIENCY: itching of pubic region
LIV primary channel pathology
hernia, vertical HA, low back,ab P°, full chest, dry thoroat, hiccup, mental disturbance
LIV TMM Channel Pathology
big toe strain, P° of ant medial mal/thigh, genital dysfx, ø erection, genitals retraction (cold), persistent erection (heat)
Li 4, ST 44
Forehead (yang ming headache)
Sj 5, Gb 41
Temple (shao yang headache)
SI 3, UB 60
Occiput (tai yang)
Si 6, Liv 3
Lu 7 (off channel like nose), St 45
li 4, st 41 (hole opens like mouth)
sj 3, gb 43 (backwards threes)
LU 10 (full heat sore throat), Ki 6(benefits yin vacuity sore throat)
PC 6 (opens chest), st 40 (for phlegm)
SJ 6, GB 34
PC 6 (oppo on chinese clock of stomach), st 36 (master point of abdomen)
SP 6, LIV 8 (xi cleft - nourishes liver blood and yin)
UB 40, SI 3 (opens du)
DU 14 (heat out of head and hands), LI 11 (he sea), li 4
SI 3, HT 6 (liquid of heart is sweat)
HT 7, SP 6, KI 3
ST 7, ST 6, LI 4
ren 22, dingchuan
cough and asthma
ren 22, PC 6
Ren 17, PC 6
Ren 12, PC 6
fullness in chest
sj 6, gb 34
PC 6, st 36
nausea and vomiting
UB 17 (back shu of diaphragm), p 6, p 8
sj 6, ki 6 (route 66)
du 23, li 4
li 11, sp 10 (blood), sp 6 (yin)
Where does LU primary channel begin?
Where does LI primary channel begin?
Where does SP primary channel begin?
SP1 (tip of big toe)
Where does ST primary channel begin?
LI 20 (Lateral side of ala nasi)
Where does KI primary channel begin?
inferior aspect of little toe
Where does UB primary channel begin?
Where does HT primary channel begin?
Where does Si primary channel begin?
Where does PC primary channel begin?
chest at Ren 17
Where does SJ primary channel begin?
Where does GB primary channel begin?
Where does LIV primary channel begin?
LIV 1 (on the hairy region)
What organs are entered in LU channel?
What organs are entered in LI channel?
What organs are entered in SP channel?
SP, ST, HT
What organs are entered in ST channel?
ST, SP, Si
What organs are entered in HT channel?
What organs are entered in Si channel?
Si, Ht, ST
What organs are entered in KI channel?
all yin organs except SP
What organs are entered in UB channel?
What organs are entered in PC channel?
What organs are entered in SJ channel?
What organs are entered in LIV channel?
LIV, GB, LU (and ST)*
What organs are entered in GB channel?
What are the branches of LU channel?
Lu7 -> LI 1 (linkage)
What are the branches of SP channel?
Ren 10-> HT
What are the branches of the ST channel?
facial, tibial branch at St36 to lat side of big toe, Dorsum of foot at St 4 to SP 1
What are the branches of HT channel?
HT 9-> Si1
What are the branches of SI channel?
What are the branches of GB channel?
Gb 41-> LIV 1
Entry/Exit points of LU Channel?
Entry: LU1, Exit: LU 7
Entry/Exit points of LI Channel?
Entry: Li4, Exit: Li20
Entry/Exit points of SP Channel?
Entry: Sp1, Exit: SP20
Entry/Exit points of ST Channel?
Entry: ST1, Exit: ST42
Entry/Exit points of HT Channel?
Entry: HT1, Exit: HT9
Entry/Exit points of SI Channel?
Entry: Si 1, Exit: Si19
Entry/Exit points of KI Channel?
Entry: Ki 1, Exit: Ki22
Entry/Exit of UB channel?
Entry: UB1, Exit: UB67
Entry/Exit points of PC Channel?
Entry: PC8, Exit:PC8
Entry/Exit points of SJ Channel?
Entry: SJ1, Exit: SJ22
Entry/Exit points of GB Channel?
Entry: GB 1, Exit: GB41
Entry/Exit points of LIV Channel?
Entry: LIV1, Exit: LIV14
All Yang channels cross___?
All Yang channels except____ cross ___?
All Yang channels except__ and ___ cross __?
St and UB, SI12
All Yin channels of arm have NO crossing points are
PC, LU, HT
All YIn channels of leg cross__, __ and ___
SP6, Ren 3, Ren 4
LU LUO Pathway
Separates from primary @ Lu 7-into palm and spreads over THENAR EMINENCE
LU TMM Pathway
*Binds at Thenar eminence
*Binds at center of Elbow
Goes along ANT-LATERAL aspect of upper arm to enter chest below the axilla
*Converges @ Floating ribs
LI LUO Pathway
Separates from primary @LI 6 to join Lu channel. Ascends the arm to LI 15- to cheek.
*One branch goes to TEETH and other branch connects to EAR.
LI TMM Pathway
*Binds at wrist
*Binds at elbow
*Binds at shoulder
*Attaches to UPPER THORACIC Spine
*Binds at SIDE of NOSE
ST LUO Pathway
Separates from ST 40-connects with SP channel-Nape of NECK to meet with qi of all yang channels-other branch ends @ THROAT.
ST GREAT LUO Pathway
ST 18 on LT
ST TMM Pathway
One branch-Binds at dorsum, lat. knee, hip, Connects with spine
2nd branch-*Binds at dorsum, knee, above the GENITALS (sim. to SP & LV TMM),
Binds at ST 12, Binds below NOSE
*Binds AROUND THE EYE to form a net (only TMM that does this!)
*Binds in front of the EAR
SP LUO Pathway
Separates @SP 4 where it connects to ST channel-enters abdomen & connects with INTESTINES and ST
SP GREAT LUO Pathway
SP 21. Lateral costal region & chest.
SP TMM Pathway
*Binds at medial malleolus
*Binds medial knee
*Binds in GROIN
*Converges at EXTERNAL Genitalia
*Binds at UMBILICUS (Ht channel tmm ends here)
*Binds at Ribs
*ADHERES TO SPINE
HT LUO Pathway
Separates @Ht 5-connects with SI channel-up heart channel-enters heart-ROOT OF TONGUE and EYE
HT TMM Pathway
*Binds at pisiform bond wrist
*Binds at medial elbow
*Binds at axilla
*TERMINATES at UMBILICUS
SI LUO Pathway
Separates@ SI 7 and connects with Ht channel-connects with the SHOULDER @LI 15.
SI TMM Pathway
*Binds at wrist
*Binds at Medial condyle of humerus
*Bind at Axilla (like the Heart TMM)
*Bind at MASTOID PROCESS
*Binds at MANDIBLE
*Binds at OUTER CANTHUS
*Binds at CORNER of HEAD
Levels of the channels from superficial to deep
1)cutaneous, 2)minute (blood), 3)muscle/tendinomuscular, 4)luo, 5)primary, 6)divergent, 7)8 extra
source points are where:
original qi surfaces and lingers (source is ming men)
xi cleft are where:
superficial qi from jings wells gather here and plunge deep (famous for tx pain)
luo connecting points treat:
yin yang paired channels and psychoemotional disorders and areas covered by yin yang pairs
host guest combos
source and luo pair (LI 4 an LU 7)
mu points treat:
shu points treat:
antique points are
well points (1st or last in channel), spring, stream, river, sea (joints)
well points treat
"most sane" (MANIA, at level of zang)
spring points treat
"families" (FEBRILE--representative: face color changes)
stream points treat
"are" (ARTHRITIS--representative: chronic diseases)
River points treat
"Against" (ASTHMA-->representative: where voice changes)
Sea points treat
"Incest" (INTESTINES--eating food and digestion)
Auricular point Ischium is located in/on
Inferior AntiHelix Crus
Auricular Shoulder point is located in/on
Auricular Diaphragm point is located in/on
cirus of the helix
Auricular Kidney point is located in/on
Auricular Stomach point is located in/on
upper cavum of conchae
Auricular Shenmen point is located in/on
Auricular Sciatic point is located in/on
superior margin of inferior crus of antihelix
Auricular Middle Border point treats
The Greater Auricular nerve is located
Antihelix and lobe
Auricular Influenza point is located
Auricular points to treat amenorreah
Uterus, Ovary, Kidney, Liver, Endocrine
Auricular Brain point is located in/on
Auricular Insomnia points
Shen Men, Forehead, Subcortex
Root of Auricular Vagus Nerve treats
gastralgia, HA, asthma, biliary ascarasis
Auricular Sympathetic point treats
For Acute Conjunctivitis or Hypertension use (Auricular)
For Acute Sprain use (Auricular)
Shen Men, Subcortex
Selections of ear points are based on
western physiological relationship, pulse, anatomical location of dz.
Auricular Sympathetic point is located
inferior antihelix crus
Auricular Asthma point is located
Order of Jing-Lou
Fxs of Cutaneous
1st line of defense against ext patho
Manifest D/O of deeper lying channels
Used to affect deeper lying channels (Massage, cupping moxa)
Fxs of Minute
circulate Qi and blood
circulate wei qi warm & nourish body tissues/organ
Fxs of Sinew/TMM
run from extremities to the trunk/head (*all START @ extremities)
facilitate articulation and normal activity
connect muscle, tendons, and ligaments to joints
link structure of the body
protect the bone
Fxs of Lou Connecting
Connect int/ext pair channels
Branch of primary channels (ren/du exceptions)
Fxs of Primary Channels
Circulate qi and blood
Connect ext/int portions of body
Demonstrates the location of D/O
Protect body protect body from Disease
Transmit Qi to diseased area (via needling)
Have their own points
Fxs of Divergent
Connect int/ext paired ORGANS and channels
Distributes qi/blood to the head/face and interior
Explain the actions of commonly used points
have Ø points of their own
Fxs of 8 extra ordinary
Reservoirs of Qi and blood, yin,yang, jing
LInk the primary channels
No points of their own but share pts w/ other ch.
Protect the body
Link pre and post heaven qi
Regulates the 7 & 8 year life cycles of women & men
Can't name objects
What scalp line to treat nominal aphasia
Inability to make sense of the words being heard
What scalp line to treat Receptive Aphasia
What 2 lines in scalp are divided into 5th's
Motor & Sensory
Upper fifth of motor treat?
lower limb and trunk, treats paralysis of lower limb (opp. side)
Upper fifth of sensory treat?
lower limb and trunk + head, treats low back pain (opp. side), numbness or paresthesia in that area, occipital h/a, stiff neck, vertigo
Middle-2nd & 3rd fifth of motor and sensory treat
Upper limb area, motor treats paralysis of upper limb (opp. side), sensory treats pain, numbness or other paresthsia of upper limb (opp. side)
Lower two fifth's of motor treat?
Facial area + Speech #1, treats upper motor neuron, paralysis of face (opp side), motor aphasia, dribbling saliva, impaired speech, bel's palsy
Lower two fifth's of sensory treat?
Facial area, treats migraine h/a, trigeminal neuralgia, toothache (opp side), arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
Order of scalp lines from anterior to posterior
BTMS-bacon, tomato, mayo sandwich-aka Blood, Tremor, Motor, Sensory
The two lines are used to treat a prolapsed uterus?
Reproductive area & leg motor & sensory area
blood vessels dilations & constriction area that also treats hypertension
leg motor & sensory area
Intermittent supraventricular tachycardia
thoracic cavity area
When is just one side of the scalp used in tx?
One sided paralysis -use opp. side
Tremor line treats?
Syndenham's chorea, tremors, palsy and related syndromes-Parkinsons
Vertigo and hearing area?
Tinnitus, vertigo, diminished hearing, menier's syndrome
Voluntary movement area treats?
Apraxia -loss of ability to execute or carry earned purposeful movements
Balance area treats?
loss of balance due to cerebellar disorders
Stomach area treats?
Discomfort in upper abdomen
Liver & GB area treats?
Pain in upper right quadrant of the abdomen and/or right rib cage, chronic hepatitis
Thoracic cavity area treats?
asthma, chest pain, intermittent supraventricular tachycardia (faster htbeat/palpitations)
Reproduction area treats?
Abnormal uterine bleeding, combined with leg motor area for prolapsed uterus
*17 Parts of Auricle of ear
Lobule, Infratragic notch, Supratragic notch, Ante-tragus, Tragus, External auditory meatus, Helix tragic notch, Cymba concha, Cavum concha, Anti-helix, Superior Anti-helix Crus, Inferior Anti-helix Crus, Scapha, Triangular fossa, Helix, Darwin's Tubercle, Helix Crus
What parts are in Scapha?
clavicle, shoulder, elbow, wrist, allergy, finger
What parts are in Anti-helix?
Cervical, thoracic and sacral vertebrae, neck, chest, abdomen
What parts are in Superior Anti-helix Crus?
hip, knee, ankle, toe, heel
What parts are in Inferior Anti-helix Crus?
Ischium, buttock, Sympathetic
What parts are in Lobule?
1. inferior tragic notch
4. anterior ear lobe
6. internal ear
Helix 5 & 6
*What parts are in Cavum concha?
Heart, Lung, Trachea, Spleen, SJ, Intertragus
*What parts are in Cymba concha?
Liver, GB/Pancreas, KD, Ureter, UB, Angle of Cymba Concha, Middle of Cymba concha
*What parts are in Periphery Helix Crus?
Mouth, Esophagus, Cardiac Orifice, ST, Duodenum, SI, Appendix, LI
What parts are in back of Auricle?
Groove of inferior helix crus, Root of auricular vagus, Ht, Sp, Lv, Lu, Kd,
What parts are in the Helix?
External genitalia, Anterior ear apex, Ear Apex, Liver Yang, Helix 1-6
*What are the 5 Master Points?
Shen Men, Sympathetic, Point zero, Endocrine, Brain for Pain