The ___ plays an important role in the development of the body's immune system. It is on the side of the pig's neck and is large.
___ is an expanded structure through which air passes from the mouth to the narrower trachea. It houses the vocal cords.
pulmonary circuit, systemic circuit
What are the two circulatory pathways found in mammalian circulation.
The ___ carries blood from the heart to the lungs in arteries and back to the heart in veins.
The ___ carries blood from the heart in arteries to all organs but the lungs and back to the heart in veins.
parietal pericardium, parietal pleura
The wall of the pericardial sac is a tough membrane compose of two fused coelomic epithelial linings, the ___ and the ___.
venae cavae, pulmonary veins
The right and left atrium are small, dark, anteriorly located heart chambers that receive blood from the ____ and the ___ respectively.
The right and left ventricles are large muscular heart chambers that contract to pump blood. A branch of the ___ may be seen on the heart surface where the ventricles share a common wall.
pulmonary arteries, ductus arteriosus
The pulmonary trunk curves cranially, giving off three branches: the right and left ___ and the ___.
The ___ is the short, large-diameter vessel that connects the pulmonary trunk to the aorta.
cranial vena cava, caudal vena cava
Blood returns to the heart from organs of the body through two large veins, the __ and ___.
right subclavian artery
The ___ is a major branch from the brachiocephalic trunk, which gives off several branches that serve the right shoulder and limb area.
common carotid arteries
The two ___ are major branches from the brachiocephalic trunk, which carry blood to the head.
A large conspicuous vein, the ___, lies near the region of the aorta. It carries blood from the ribs back to the heart.
The ___ passes into the abdominal cavity, where it branches into arteries supplying the abdominal organs, the legs, and the tail. It may branch into the umbilical cord.
external iliac arteries, umbilical arteries
The dorsal aorta sends branches into the hind legs (the ____) and to the placenta (the ____) through the umbilical cord.
hepatic portal vein
The mesenteric and lienogastric veins unite to form the ___, which enters the liver.
The majority of the blood passes through a channel in the liver called the ___ into the caudal vena cava.
The ___ system shares many embryonic and some adult structures with the ___ system.
sensory component, sensory nerves
The nervous system consists of a ___, made up of sensory receptors that detect such stimuli as light, sound, touch, and the concentration of oxygen in the blood, and the ___, which carry the data to the central nervous system.
The motor system carries impulses along motor nerves to ___ such as glands, muscles, and other organs, bringing about the appropriate response.
The ___ system consists of glands, which respond to stimuli by secreting hormones into the blood to be transported to target tissues in the body.