CH: 18 Emergencies, acute illness, accidents&recovery

34 terms by geemarie81

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emergencies, heart,acute illness,accidents&recovery

3 terms used for a heart attack

coronary thrombosis
coronary occlusion
myocardial infarction

second degree burn

invloves the epidermis and part of the dermis, and forms a blister

abrasion

type of wound that involves a scrape of the epidermis with dots of blood, dirt and gravel

four minutes

number of minutes brain damage may reslut, from lack of oxygen

insidious

term used to describe the severity and length of time for onset of diseases or illness, when a situation is hidden, not apparent, or treacherous

seizures

severe involuntary contractions of the muscle that first cause the patient to become rigid and then to have uncontrolled movement

first hour

is so important in an emergency services that directly correlates with the prognosis and the possibility of recovery

acute

used to describe the onset of illness or disease where a situation has a rapid onset, severe symptons, and hort course

arterial

type of hemmorage that produces bright red blood ina spurts of blood

3 things to ask if someone calls regarding a possible poison injestion

what was taken
how much was taken
what time was it taken

crutches

mobility device used to give foot, ankle, knee, or leg injury or surgery and oppurtunity to heal

purpose of the office policy manual

porvides guidelines to follow when dealing with emergecies

bee sting treatment

scrape stinger out with a sharp object

dislocation treatment

immobilize it

foreign object in ear treatment

warm olive oil, baby oil

shock treatment

put patient in recumbent position with feet elevated, and cover with a blanket

epistaxis treatment

elevate head, pinch nostrils for 6 min, and use cold compress over nasal area

venous bleeding treatment

quickly apply pressure, and elevate portion of body

cold exposure treatment

slowly rewarm body part in water that is 103-105 degrees

fainting treatment

have patient lower head between legs ot lay down with feet elevated

hypoglycemia treatment

administer sugar

convulsion treatment

move objects away from patient, never restrain, and never place anything in patients mouth

strain/sprain

over use of a muscle or groups of muscles

flexibility excersises

increases muscle strength and makes body more flexible

range of motion

extend of flexibility

fracture

breaks in bone caused my trauma or disease

foreign body

object that becomes lodged in any part of the body

stroke

cardiovascular accident, caused by a broken blood vessel in the brain

syncope

fainting

diabetic coma

caused by increased amount of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia)

incident report

report used to document an accident or emergency

medical emergency

any situation in which a person suddenly becomes ill, or injured, calling for decided action

emergency kit

know how to use it
know how to prepare kit
check occasionally for missing items, and expiration dates

mobility devices

used for surgery patients, physically challenged, and injured persons

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