Urine formation begins with the filtration of fluid from a spheroid capillary bed called the what?
Water that is chemically synthesized by the body is called ___ to distinguish it from ingested water.
Glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by what?
the proximal convoluted tube (PCT)
___ is a process in which the tubules remove wastes from the blood and add them to the tubular fluid (primarily H or bicarbonate).
The ___ apparatus monitors the composition and concentration of the tubular fluid and adjusts the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Blood pressure in the glomerulus is unusually high compared to other capillaries because the diameter of the ___ is greater than that of the ___.
afferent arteriole, efferent arteriole
People who have lost a lot of blood often feel intensely thirsty. This is b/c what is produced?
angiotensin II (stimulates the thirst center)
___ is a hormone that regulates sodium reabsorption by the distal convoluted tube (DCT).
Name 4 parts of renal corpuscle.
glomerular capillaries, glomerular capsule, pedicels, fenestrations
The ___ reflex involuntarily empties the bladder unless one consciously suppresses urination.
The ___ reabsorbs the same amount of water regardless of the body's state of hydration.
proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)
The blood vessels of the renal medulla that run alongside the nephron loops (Loop of Henle) are what?
the vasa recta
The cells of the distal convoluted tubule in contact with the afferent arteriole are what?
the mascula densa
A lung disease that interferes with the pulmonary gas exchange can be expected to lead to what?