the general hypothesis that when two distinct cultures blend to create a third, unique culture, similar or compatible traits are most likely to survive.
a new World population, culture, or language arising from the interaction between, and consequent combination of, two distinct populations, cultures, or languages of African and European provenience.
a New World population, culture, or language arising from the interaction between, and consequent combination of, two distinct populations, cultures, or languages of hispanic and native american provenience.
the hispanic version of the four-line stanza typifying european ballads, a structural feature of much latin american folksong.
the spanish ballad genre, the immediate ancestor of such New World forms as the Mexican and Mexican American corrido
the mexican and mexican american ballad genre.
shoe tapping, a choreographic trait revealing the ultimate spanish derivation of many latin american folk dances
the distinctive "invitation to dance", accomplished by touching navels with a thrusting pelvic motion, a choreographic trait revealing the ultimate african derivation of many latin american folk dances.
a brazilian complex of music, drumming, and dance, associated especially with the carnival season and mardi gras festivities
french for fat tuesday. traditionally celebrated in catholic culture like brazil on the tuesday preceding ash wednesday
a syncretic african american religion originating in bahia (brazil) and prominently featuring singing, drumming, and dance, often in the form of a ring shout.
the accordion driven dance music played in and around the city of Recife on the northern coast of Bahia, said to take its name from the settings in which it first appeared, the beer busts that English speaking corporate bosses, attracted to the region by the early 20th century construction boom, threw every weekend "for all" (or, phonetically, forro`) of their Nordstino employees, their families, and friends.
the music of Quechua and Aymara speaking migrants who have settled in urban areas in and around Lima, Peru.
the ceremonial music of the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Andes.
a miniature guitar with five courses of double strings, made in its most rustic form from an armadillo shell
an end-notched flute, one of the most popular folk instruments of the Andean region
the dance music of urban and rural working class latinos in south texas and northern mexico
an oversized twelve string guitar employed in conjunto or norteno music
field holler/ arhoolie
an african american folksong genre performed by an individual at work as a personal expression or private release
an antiphonal african american folksong genre performed by a leader and chorus for the purpose of coordinating the movements of the group during their labor
a type of religious song originating among north american blacks during the 19th century, a precursor of contemporary gospel.
a counter clockwise round dance, accompanied by antiphonal singing and polyrhythmic stampeding, patting, and clapping, a near universal occurrence in african American culture
the Louisiana creole version of the ring shout
a form of creole social music combining french Louisiana accordion styles, afro caribbean rhythms, and african american urban blues (a phonetic representation of the french les haricots, "green" or "snap beans"