GRE General Set 18

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149 terms

fatuous

smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness

ingrained

deeply established; firmly rooted; Ex. ~dirt/prejudice

inclement

stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement

biting

sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks

pronounced

distinct; very noticeable; Ex. ~ limp

abstain

refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote

unguent

ointment; a soft greasy or viscous substance used as an ointment or for lubrication.

sift

put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully

authoritarian

subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father

ruddy

reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking

rig

fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. ~ the election

kaleidoscope

tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. ~ of European history; CF. beautiful

devout

pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my ~ hope

defection

desertion

headlong

hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.; with the head foremost : he fell headlong into the tent.

handsome

large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward

pitfall

hidden danger; concealed trap

dilettante

aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler;a person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge : [as adj. ] a ~ approach to science. CF. delight

assurance

firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty

inordinate

beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. ~ demands

macabre

gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death

belabor

harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically

complacency

self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent

hierarchy

arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority

notable

conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted

shard

fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)

abase

lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect

bargain

agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. ~ing power

appellation

name; title

awry

distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone ~.

diversion

act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse

retrieve

recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. ~ the situation

baffle

frustrate; perplex

bluff

pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured

trunk

main wooden stem of a tree; human body excluding the head and limbs; torso; prehensile nose of an elephant

blase

bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored

sophist

teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument

dire

warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. ~ prediction/need of food

sextant

navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)

seamy

sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. ~ side of city life

hindmost

furthest behind; farthest to the rear

bog

soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. ~ed down in the mud

recluse

hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive

constraint

restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison

horde

crowd; swarm

pandemonium

wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost

impropriety

improperness; unsuitableness

ostracize

banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ~ed him. N. ostracism

ravine

narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon

vigilant

watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance

sway

swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.

ascertain

find out for certain; make certain

rasp

(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue ~ed my hand.

recast

reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again

effervescence

inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce

succumb

yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. ~ to the illness

encipher

encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher

complaisant

trying to please; obliging; willing to please others

import

significance; importance; meaning

disinclination

unwillingness

scale

climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones

precipitous

steep; overhasty; precipitate

torpor

lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy; ADJ. -pid: lethargic; lazy; inactive; (of an animal) dormant; hibernating

bliss

complete happiness; ADJ. blissful

buffoonery

clowning

autocratic

having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy

denomination

religious group; unit in a system; name or designation; CF. denominator: common trait or characteristic

rickety

(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D

drone

talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.

impertinent

insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence

enjoin

command; order; forbid; aw prohibit someone from performing (a particular action) by issuing an injunction.

commonwealth

nation governed by the people; republic; people of a nation

exhort

urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general ~ed his men to fight bravely; N. -tation

rout

put to ~; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat

tundra

rolling treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America

indulgent

humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence

impel

drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action

scrupulous

conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. ~ worker

rigid

hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule

versatile

having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility

nourishment

something that nourishes; food

adherent

supporter; follower

hybrid

mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize

glaze

cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. un~ed pottery

incarnate

endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil ~; V: give bodily form to; embody

expeditious

done with speed; quick; N. expedition

homespun

domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. ~ philosophy

abscission

cutting off; separation

phoenix

symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes

perceptive

insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception

taunt

deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.

polarity

state of having two opposite qualities

constituent

supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component

excise

cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision

vying

contending; CF. vie

impuissance

powerlessness; feebleness

healthful

conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: ~ person; N. profligacy

opportunist

individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism

sovereign

ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent

unfledged

immature; not having the feathers necessary to fly; CF. fledgling

rancid

having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank

pecuniary

pertaining to money

hurl

throw forcefully; shout out violently

founder

fail completely; sink; CF. flounder

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

conviction

judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief

cornucopia

horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty

disgorge

surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge

emend

correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement

hindrance

block; obstacle; V. hinder

cistern

reservoir or water tank

cipher

nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.

bristling

rising like bristles; showing irritation; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a ~ beard.; 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard. 1 (esp. of hair) close-set, stiff, and spiky : a bristling beard.2 figurative aggressively brisk or tense : he fills the screen with a restless, ~ energy.

cadence

rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm

outlaw

fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been ~ed.

gratis

free; without charge; ADJ.

avert

prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was ~ed by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.

liquidate

settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish

concordat

formal agreement

prance

move about in a spirited manner (proudly and confidently)

conjecture

surmise; guess; V.

dingy

(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. ~ street/curtain

confidence

self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. ~ in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in ~; Ex. exchange ~es about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident

preen

make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction or pride; (of a bird) smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak; Ex. ~ oneself on; CF. prune

adorn

decorate

malingerer

one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work

crotchety

(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion

quack

charlatan; impostor

inductive

pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general

quietude

tranquillity; calmness

spartan

without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. ~ living condition/life

stultify

make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. ~ing effect of uninteresting work; Ex. ~ free expression

anodyne

drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. ~ statement

comeuppance

deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke

endorse

approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. -ment; CF. dorsal

pall

become boring; grow tiresome

frantic

wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear

voluptuous

sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. ~ lines; Ex. ~ life of the Romans; N. -lary: ~ person

clip

cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener

podiatrist

doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics

assail

assault

indelible

not able to be erased

hoodwink

deceive; delude

minuscule

extremely small

bigotry

stubborn intolerance

seine

seine net; net for catching fish

enamored

in love; Ex. ~ of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love

stammer

speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions

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