Middle Childhood Test

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When you look at the rate of growth for children from ages 7-11, you see that:

children grow more slowly than they did in early childhood

Which of the following is the biggest determinant of whether a child will develop healthy lifestyle habits?

having parents, teachers, and peers who demonstrate healthy lifestyle habits

Which of the following is the primary reason why it is difficult to prevent and control childhood obesity?

The causes are multifaceted and complex

The ratio between a person's height and weight is expressed as:

BMI

An asthmatic child who gets shots in the doctor's office is operating at the level of prevention.

tertiary

The time it takes for someone to respond to a particular stimulus is:

reaction time

Growth in brain sophistication during middle childhood allows the child to direct his focus on certain stimuli to the exclusion of others. This ability is known as:

selective attention

One of the major differences in brain development that distinguishes middle childhood is the development of:

automatization

Although the test you are now taking measures many things, it is supposed to be a test of:

achievement

Achievement tests are to aptitude tests as:

knowledge is to potential

Both the Standford-Binet and Wechsler are:

intelligence scales

A friend of yours is a psychologist who is going to Cambodia to conduct research on cognitive development. She plans to use the Wechsler IQ test as one of her measurement tools. What advice might you offer her?

Since the Wechsler test was standardized in the United States, some of the questions might not reflect the cultural values of the Cambodian people

Howard Gardner believes that:

musical ability is a type of intelligence

Seven-year-old Henry has been diagnosed as having both ADHD and dyslexia. Which of the following terms applies to Henry having both conditions together?

comorbidity

The group most likely to be taking medication for diagnosed ADHD is comprised of :

boys

A significant delay in a specific area of learning not associated with a physical handicap, mental retardation, or stressful environment is indication of:

a learning disability

Research on autism has revealed that:

some autistic children are quite intelligent

Most likely, autism is caused by:

genetic vulnerability coupled with other factors

Maria has dyslexia. Maria is taught in the regular classroom, where she has her own reading tutor for part of the day. This an example of:

inclusion

The most general education context in which children with special needs can be expected to learn is known as:

the least restrictive environment

According to Piaget, which of the following abilities do children gain during middle childhood?

logic

In the school years, Piaget believed that children are in the period of:

concrete operational thought

Identify the statement that best illustrates the cognitive concept called identity.

"Even though they are an omelet now, they are still two eggs."

School-age children move toward more flexible logic as a result of decreasing

egocentrism

Piaget has provided us with the (blank) of children's concepts, whereas Vygotsky has provided us with the (blank).

individual context; social context

The speed and capacity of thought increases for school-age children primarily because of the:

environmental changes and emotional maturation

As Jose walked to school with Tony, he saw Tony's notebook in his backpack. Jose rushed back into his house to retrieve his own notebook containing his homework. Jose's sensation on seeing Tony's notebook became a perception, which then triggered Jose's:

working memory

A 6-year-old is likely to use (blank) to remember a new activity or new concepts.

rehearsal

Speed of thinking is increased by:

neurological maturation and experience

Fire drills, soccer practice, and reading out loud all use (blank) to become automatic processes.

rehearsal

Which of the following is the best example of automatization?

Jeffrey is able to tie is shoes quickly

The change in cognition that allows children to focus without becoming distracted, persist at tasks, and exhibit quick, efficient memory is a result of the development of:

the control processes

Metacognition refers to:

thinking about one's thinking processes

In their learning and problem-solving abilities, school-age children differ from preschoolers in that they:

can evaluate their own progress

Increased cognitive flexibility, linguistic ability, and social awareness make it possible for school-age children to:

understand jokes and metaphors

The sudden understanding that one's tone of voice, word selection, and the context in which the language is used may override the literal content of one's speech requires a complex knowledge of:

the pragmatics of language

To teach a child a second language, the most effective approach is to start during:

middle childhood, about age 7

The approach in teaching a second language in which children spend the entire day instructed in the second language is referred to as the:

immersion approach

Two factors that play important roles in the connection between low SES and language learning are:

early exposure to language and expectation

Children's "increasing ability to regulate themselves, to take responsibility, and to exercise self-control" all contribute to their sense of:

autonomy

The so-called "reading wars" are most specifically related to:

whole language vs. phonics

According to Erikson's theory, children in middle childhood tend to judge themselves as either:

industrious or inferior

Which of the following attributes is NOT typical of school-age children?

They rely less on appreciation from peers and parents

When one assesses one's abilities, achievements, social status, and other attributes by measuring them against those of other people, especially one's peers, one is engaging in:

social comparison

During the school years, self-esteem typically:

decreases

Which of the following best defines "effortful control?"

the ability to regulate one's emotions and actions through effort, not simply through natural inclination

Julia esteems herself very highly but scorns her peers. Research indicates that most likely, she will:

be an aggressive bully

The child who weathers severe family problems, even abuse, and somehow remains unscathed in the process is termed as:

resilient

A major coping measure that helps children and families deal with problems and stress is:

social support

The crucial question regarding family structure is:

Whatever the structure, does it fulfill the five essential functions for school-age children?

Joshua and Jessica are brother and sister who live with their biological parents. The live with their:

nuclear family

The "family stress model" illustrates that:

the parents' reaction to poverty is the crucial factor in family stress

Which of the following children will be most negatively impacted by moving to a different city with a different school?

Jameson, who is 10 years old

The particular habits, styles, and values that reflect the set of rules and rituals that characterize children as distinct form adult society define:

the culture of children

Liv is an extremely shy and anxious 8 year old. Other children seem to dislike her. She appears to be a(n):

withdrawn-rejected child

When children are able to understand social interactions, including the causes and consequences of behavior, they have acquired a measure of:

social cognition

The key word in the definition of bullying is:

repeated

Kohlberg measured morality by:

analyzing how people reason about what is right and wrong

Carla is usually good because she is afraid that she will be punished if she isn't. Carla is in which level of Kohlberg's view of moral development?

preconventional

Stella's parents observed that she has begun to participate in moral arguments on issues of right and wrong. Her matured moral thinking is due to:

concrete operational thinking and peer experience

Having a body mass index in the top 5th percentile is called being

obese

The ability to master a certain skill is referred to as a(n)

aptitude

The three types of intelligence characterized by Robert Sternberg are academic, (blank), and practical

creative

A failing in a specific cognitive skill that is not attributable to an overall intellectual slowness, a physical condition, or an environmental problem is a (an) (blank)

learning disability

The part of the brain where current, conscious mental activity occurs is also known as one's

working memory

Children become better learners in middle childhood because they have an established and expanded (blank) base.

knowledge

Pat uses a formal style of speech when talking with her teachers and and informal type of speech when talking with her friends. She is demonstrating:

dual coding/ code switching

Three of the essential functions of the (blank) for school-age children should include providing basic necessities, helping the child to develop self-respect, and nurturing peer relationships.

family system

Social shunning by a ringleader and spreading a rumor about someone describes aggression.

relational

In Kohlberg's moral development stage 1, the most important value is (blank) to authority.

obedience

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