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combining forms

aden/o

gland

arthro/o

joint

carcin/o

cancer/cancerous

cardi/o

heart

cephal/o

head

cerebr/o

cerebrum

crin/o

secrete

cyst/o

urinary bladder, sac filled with fluid

cyt/o

cell

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

electr/o

electricity

encephal/o

brain

enter/o

intestine

erythr/o

red

grastr/o

stomach

glyc/o

sugar

gnos

knowledge

gynec/o

woman, female

hem/o

blood

hepat/o

liver

lapar/o

abdomen

leuk/o

white

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerve

onc/o

tumor

opthalm/o

eyes

oste/o

bone

path/o

disease

psych/o

mind

rhin/o

nose

sarc/o

flesh

thromb/o

clot

endocrine gland

glands that secrete chemicals(harmones) within the body ie, pituitary, thyroid, Ovaries

exocrine gland

Glands that secrete chemicals that leave the body through ducts. ie sweat, tears, salivary

hemoglobin

Oxygen carrying protein found in red blood cells.

oma

tumor, mass

pepsia

digestion

dyspepsia

painful or difficult digestion

phagia

swallow

dysphagia

painful or difficult swallowing

phasia

speech

dysphasia

difficult speech

Dysplasia

Abnormality in the development or formation of cells

Dyspnea

painful or difficult breathing

Dysuria

difficult or painful urination

Duodenum

first part of the small intestine

Laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

lumb/o

loin, waist

lymph/o

clear fluid in tissue

mediastinum

space between lungs

peritone/o

peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus- the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach

laryngeal

pertaining to the larynx or voicebox

pharyngeal

pertaining to the pharynx or throat

hypochondriac

upper right and left regions beneath the ribs

chondr/o

cartilage

cartilage

Flexible fibrous connective tissue

thelial

nipple

frontal plane

divides the body into anterior and posterior

larynx

voice box

stinum

partition

necrosis

Death of tissue

erythrocytosis

An abnormal condition in which there is an increase in red blood cells

encephalopathy

disease of the brain

Leukocytosis

abnormal increase of white blood cells

rhinorrhea

persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose

hemorrhage

Excessive bleeding; bursting forth of blood

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

rrhage

excessive flow

hematuria

blood in the urine

uremia

excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure

CVA

a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain

mammary

Pertaining to the breast.

sclerosis

condition of hardening

chronic

continuing for a long time

centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

salpingectomy

surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes

oophorectomy

surgical removal of one of both ovaries

myelogram

x-ray of the spinal cord

myel/o

spinal cord

dialysis

Separation of nitrogenous wastes from the blood when the kidneys no longer function.

stomy

creation of an opening

colostomy

surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface

radiotherapy

Treatment using radiation

chemotherapy

the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)

cryotherapy

Treatment using cold (CRY/O) temperatures.

phlebotomy

surgical incision into a vein

gram

record

graphy

process of recording

centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

Infarction

Area of dead tissue (necrosis) caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body

ischemia

insufficient blood flow to an area

colocolostomy

new surgical conection between two previously unconnected portions of the colon. this is an anastomosis

leukemia

cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells

leukocytosis

abnormally large increase in the number of white blood cells

dur/o

dura mater-(outermost meningeal membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)

gen

begin, produce, create

men/o

menses (monthly period)

nat/i

birth

norm/o

rule, order

plas/o

formation, growth, developement

scapul/o

scapula (shoulder blade)

son/o

sound

sonogram

an image produced by sound waves

top/o

to put, place, position

troph/o

developement, nourishment

uter/o

uterus

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