What emerged as a stabilizing force in society during the High Middle Ages?
the mutual honorable relationships between lords and vassals. and loyalty
The feudal system rested primarily on what two factors?
Vassals living and working on Lords land in exchange for Lords protection
Give a brief description of feudalism.
Honor code for warriors and aristocrats.
Give a brief description of the chivalric code.
Serfs were basically subsistence farmers who went to church and had a lot of kids
What was life like for serfs in medieval Europe?
What did the feudal system grow into in some regions?
Norman invasion, Magna Carta, Parliament
List the three key events on England during the High Middle Ages.
Which part of Europe did the Vikings come from?
forgiveness of sins and a way to heaven
What did medieval Christians hope to gain by taking part in the seven sacraments?
a third place (other than heaven of hell) where people waited to go to heaven
How did the medieval church define purgatory?
Was a woman, wrote about medicine music theology, history of science, wrote sacred writings
What were some of the achievements of Hildegard of Bingen?
Which Greek philosopher's works had the most influence on Scholoasiticsm?
whether or not "universals", or general concepts, such as "human being" or "church", actually exist in reality or only in the mind
What was at the center of the debate between the Realists and Nominalists?
Aristotle's Philosophy with Christian theology/teaching
What was Thomas Aquinas trying to reconcile in his writings about faith and reason?
What is the title of Aquinas' masterpiece?
song of brave deeds
What were the chansons de geste?
Virgil and Beatrice
Besides Dante himself, who were the two main figures in the Divine Comedy?
What was the dominant visual art of the Medieval period?
Subserviant to religion
What was the role of the arts during the High Middle Ages?
Which Gothic cathedral is recognized as having the most stained glass?
Flying Butresses, stained glass, ribbed vaults, pointed arches
What are the most characteristic features of Gothic cathedrals?
Balancing the classical with the Christian, Aristotle with Aquinas, ancient with new, proud with humble, profane with sacred, and the secular with the spiritual.
In what ways does Dante's Divine Comedy summarize medieval thought?