Social Studies Ch 9-3 The Byzantine Empire

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Eastern Roman Empire

The _____ prospered and became the Byzantine Empire.

Greeks, the Byzantine Empire

______made up the Byzantine Empire's largest group. Other peoples found within the __________ included Egyptians, Syrians, Arabs, Jews, Persian, and others.

Constantinople

The capital of the Byzantine Empire was _____ and became one of the world's great cities.

location

One reason for Constantinople's success was its ________.

Black Sea, Aegean Sea

Constantinople lay on the waterways between the _____ and the ______.

crossroads of trade

Constantinople sat at a the ______ of ______ between Europe and Asia. The trade made the city very wealthy.

less Roman and more Greek

As time passes the Byzantine Empire became ___________________.

Justinian

____ became emperor of the Byzantine Empire in AD 527 and was a very strong leader.

Theodora

Justinian's wife, the empress _____ helped him run the empire.

women more rights

Theodora convinced Justinian to give women ___________.

reunite the Roman Empire

Justinian wanted to _______ and bring back Rome's glory.

reform the law code

Justinian decided the empire's laws were disorganized and too difficult to understand. He ordered a group of legal scholars to ________.

Justinian Code

The new simplified law code became known as the ________ and has had great influence on the laws of almost every country in Europe.

1,000

The Byzantine Empire lasted approximately ____ years.

weaving silk

One of the major Byzantine industries was _________.

Hagia Sophia

One of Justinian's greatest achievements was building the huge church called _________.It became the religious center of the Byzantine Empire.

mosaics

Inside Hagia Sophia, worshipers could see walls of beautiful marble and ______ which are pictures made from many bits of colored glass or stone.

saints

Mosaics mainly showed figures of ______, or Christian holy people.

stay home and take care of their families

Byzantine women were not encouraged to lead independent lives. They were expected to ________.

regents

Several royal women served as ______ which is a person who stands in for a ruler who is too young or too ill to govern.

writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans

Byzantine writers gave an important gift to the world. They copied and passed on the _____________.

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