Environmental Laws and Treaties

19 terms by sbrandenburgcobb 

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Safe Drinking Water Act

set maximum contaminant levels for pollutants that may have adverse effects on human health

Ocean Dumping Ban Act

bans ocean dumping of sewage sludge & industrial waste

National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

protects rivers with due to aesthetic, recreational, wildlife, historical, or cultural reasons

Clean Water Act

set maximum permissible amounts of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways. Aim: to make surface waters swimmable and fishable

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

requires coal strip mines to reclaim the land

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

Environmental Impact Statements must be done before any project affecting federal lands can be started

Clean Air Act

Set emission standards for cars, and limits for release of air pollutants

Kyoto Protocol

controlling global warming by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries

Montreal Protocol

phase out of ozone depleting substances

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

controls hazardous waste with a cradle to grave system

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)

The "Superfund" act, designed to identify and clean up abandoned hazardous waste dumpsites

Endangered Species Act

identifies threatened and endangered species in the US, and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)

lists species that cannot be commercially traded as live specimens or wildlife products

Lacey Act

prohibits interstate transport of wild animals dead or alive without federal permit

U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act

prohibits taking marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens, and the importing marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

regulates the effectiveness of pesticides

Food Quality Protection Act

set pesticide limits in food, & all active and inactive ingredients must be screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects

Low-level Radioactive Policy Act

all states must have facilities to handle low-level radioactive wastes

Nuclear Waste Policy Act

US government must develop a high level nuclear waste site by 2015 (see Yucca Mountain)

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