Color Science Terminology

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11 terms

Primary colors

The three basic colors—red, yellow, and blue—from which all other color can be produced, at least in theory

Cool colors

Restful colors like blue and green that tend to recede from the viewer

Warm colors

Stimulating colors like red and orange that tend to project toward the viewer

Hue

Distinctive characteristics of a given color that enable it to be recognized by name

Intensity

The full strength or purity of a color

Saturation

chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vividness of hue

Shade

Black added to a color to make it darker

Tint

White added to a color to make it lighter

Tone

Range of light values from white to black, bright to dull

Additive Colors

Color created by superimposing light rays. Superimposing the three primary color lights - red, blue, and green - produces white.

Secondary Colors

The secondaries are cyan, yellow and magenta.

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