the American System
The three-part plan developed by Henry Clay that stressed a strong banking system, protective tariffs, and a network of roads and canals. Clay's plan was essential in developing a profitable home market. This home market enabled America to become a self-sufficient, isolated country,
area through georgia, alabama, and mississippi with EXTREMELY fertile soil
When Adam's supporters were ranting against Jackson, they called him a murderer and distributed this, which listed names, withit coffin-shaped outlines, the names of militiamen whom Jackson was said to have shot in cold blood during the War of 1812. The men had actually been deserters who were legally executed after a sentence by a court-martial.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
This 1819 Marshall Court decision was one of the earliest and most important U.S. Supreme Court decisions to interpret the contracts clause in Article I, Section 10 of the Constitution. The case arose from a dispute in New Hampshire over the state's attempt to take over Dartmouth College. By construing the Contract Clause as a means of protecting corporate charters from state interventions, Marshall derived a significant constitutional limitation on state authority. As a result, various forms of private economic and social activity would enjoy security from state regulatory policy. Marshall thus encouraged the emergence of the relatively unregulated private economic actor as the major participant in a growing national economy.
Fletcher v. Peck
Supreme Court case which protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution
Francis C. Lowell
Opened a series of mills in NE Massachusetts that used machinery he built after touring British textile mills; Introduced mass production of cotton cloth to the US
"Great American Desert"
The term applied to the land west of the Missouri River and east of the Rocky Mountains. The landscape had no trees, little rainfall and tough prairie sod. This land seemed like a desert to the many who past through this unexplored area on their way to the Pacific Coast and that is how it came to be known.
Gibbons v. Ogden
This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce. Marshal's decision, in 1824, was a major blow on states' rights.
Hamilton proposed to protect the young nation's new and developing industries by imposing high tariffs on imported goods
Jedediah S. Smith
trapper, became an Ashley partner; led series of expeditions deep into Mexican territory that ended in battles with the Mojaves; killed in 1831 in NM by Comanches (took his weapons, sold them to Mexican settlers)
Johnson v. McIntosh
Established that Indian tribes had rights to tribal lands that preceded all other American law; only the federal government could take land from the tribes.
Up until 1820, presidential candidates were nominated by caucuses of the two parties in Congress, but in 1824, this idea was overthrown., Andrew Jackson's term for selection process of candidates
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court case which validated the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States, denying states' rights to tax it
First national road building project funded by Congress. It made travel and transportation of goods much easier because it was one continuous road that was in good condition.
after Monroe's election, embarked on national goodwill tour, greeted with enthusiastic demonstrations everywhere; "era of good feelings"
Rocky Mountain Fur Company
Founded in 1822 in Saint Louis established by William Ashley and Andrew Henry
Second Bank of the United States
chartered in 1816, much like its predecessor of 1791 but with more capital; it could not forbid state banks from issuing notes, but its size and power enabled it to compel the state banks to issue only sound notes or risk being forced out of business.
This was an attempt to have no more slaves to be brought to Missouri and provided the gradual emancipation of the children of slaves. In the mind of the South, this was a threat to the sectional balance between North and South.
"Tariff of Abominations"
The bill favored western agricultural interests by raising tariffs or import taxes on imported hemp, wool, fur, flax, and liquor, thus favoring Northern manufacturers. In the South, these tariffs raised the cost of manufactured goods, thus angering them and causing more sectionalist feelings.
bill that would have admitted Missouri as a slave state but forbid slavery north of the 36°30" latitude in the Louisiana Purchase region; never activated
a merchant and adventurer, he was the 1st American to head for Sante Fe. In 1821, he led a group of traders from Franklin, Misourri across the plains
Worcester v. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it