The basic dictionary definition of a word.
What a word suggests beyond its basic dictionary definition; a word's overtones of meaning.
Representation through language of sense experience.
Visual, Auditory, Gustatory, Olfactory, Tactile, Organic, Kinesthetic.
Figure of Speech
Saying one thing and meaning something else; saying something in terms of something else.
Comparison between two things using like or as. (comparison stated)
Comparison between two things. (comparison unstated)
Giving human attributes to an animal, object, or concept.
Addressing someone absent, dead, or nonhuman as if present and alive.
Taking a part to represent the whole.
Taking something closely related for the thing actually meant.
Something that stands for itself (literal) and something else (symbolic).
Narrative that has a second meaning beneath the surface.
An apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somehow true.
Saying more than what one means; exaggeration in the service of truth.
Saying less than what one means.
Saying the opposite of what one means.
Ridicule of human folly or vice, with the purpose of bringing about reform.
Contrast between what a character says or thinks and what the reader knows to be true.
Irony of Situation
Contrast between what is expected and what actually happens.
A reference to something in history or previous literature.
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning, of a work.
The repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words.
The repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words.
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words.
Words with sound similarity (inexact rhymes).
Words whose sound suggests their meaning.
Smooth and pleasant sound.
Rough and harsh sound.
A sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes, such as cdcdcd or cdecde.
A sonnet rhyming ababcdcdefefgg. Its content or structure ideally parallels the rhyme scheme, falling into three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet; but it is sometimes structured, like the Italian sonnet, into octave and sestet, the principal break in thought coming at the end of the eighth line.
Poetry that attempts to manipulate the reader's emotions in order to achieve a greater emotional response than the poem itself really warrants. (A sentimental novel or film is sometimes called, pejoratively, a "tearjerker")
Poetry using artificially eloquent language, that is, language too high-flown for its occasion and unfaithful to the full complexity of human experience.
Poetry having as a primary purpose to teach or preach.