5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Psycholoanlytical Couples Therapy
- Object Relations Couple Therapy
- Structural Strategic Marital Therapy
- Circular questions
- a Haley & Madanes. Views difficulties as an inability to cope with either environmental or personal life changes. Goal is to facilitate a solution in the most efficient and ethical way possible. Focusing on strengths rather than weaknesses is key to success. Key concepts: moving from who is to blame to what can be done, relationship maintenance, encouraging conversations outside of therapy that are not happening.
- b Fairbairn, Kohut, Gilligan, Analyzes couple relations and mate selection as originating from the parent-child relationship during child developmental states. Attempts to uncover unresolved childhood conflicts with parent figures and their impact on current relationship.Critical part is introjection - how the infant processes versions of the love object.
- c Fairbarin, Kohut, Gilligan. Believes that marriage becomes a closed system that inhibits growth through mutual unconscious interactions between the partners. The mothering figure is the central motivation for selection and attachment of a mate. A partner finds "lost parts" of the self in the other partner.
- d Family members are asked questions that help them to think in relational terms. "What does your brother think of..."
- e Process in which the therapist avoids taking sides with partners and encourages each of them to take responsibility for their part in family problems.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Jacobson & Christenson. Focuses on the functioning of the couple. Problems and interactions are believed to be repetitious which causes the problems in the relationship. Help couples improve behavior exchanges, communication, and problem solving skills. Individualized and flexible based on specific problems in the relationship.
- The extent to which different family roles are in harmony with each other.
- Tendency of a system to maintain internal stability.
- Changing the family structure via enactment, spontaneous behavior sequences and reframing.
- uses process questions to explore the dynamics of family relationships. Purpose is to shift the focus of family members from how others are causing them grief to what they are doing to contribute to family difficulties
5 True/False Questions
Structural Family Theory (Salvador Minuchin) → Based on the premise that all families have an underlying organization which may be adaptive or maladaptive. Therapy identifies maladaptive structural elements and makes changes in these structural elements.
Multifinality (Equipotentiality) → Equal acceptance of all family members by the therapist. The therapist avoids allying with individual family members.
Nuclear Family Emotional System (Undifferentiated Family Ego Mass) → Has reference to a family in which members' identities fused.
The Congruent Communicator → Family member seeks to distract others and seemingly has difficulty relating to what is going on in the moment.
Paradoxical prescription/directive → Tasks assigned by the therapist that he or she wants family members to resist. The resistance will result in the desired change.