5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Command Level
- Interpersonal boundaries
- Symmetrical Relationships
- Closed system
- Paradoxical directives
- a Metacommunication or a covert message relative to how the communication is to be taken (ex-I am the boss in this home may be the command level message of the report-level message)
- b Family that does not accept information from systems outside itself.
- c Rules that control the amount of involvement family members have with each other and with others who are not part of the family.
- d Tasks assigned by the therapist that he or she wants family members to resist. The resistance will result in the desired change.
- e Egalitarian relationships, which roles are mirror images.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Denotes that relationships have periods of closeness and periods of distance. Triangulation occurs during periods of distance - an outsider takes sides with one person in the relationship.
- Involve engaging family members in repetitious behavior designed to counter dysfunctional family rules to reinforce the positive connotation of behaviors.
- Process in which the therapist avoids taking sides with partners and encourages each of them to take responsibility for their part in family problems.
- Behavior in systems like the family cannot be adequately explained using a simple, bi-directional, linear model, behavior can only be understood in the context of the complex interaction patterns of the family.
- Stuart. Seeks to improve relationships btwn a couple by increasing the frequency of positive exchanges and decreasing the frequency of negative and punishing interactions. Therapist assesses the strengths and weakness of the relationship. Skills that are taught include expressing themselves in clear behavioral terms, improved communication skills, establishing a means to share power and decision making, and improved problem solving skills.
5 True/False questions
Power hierarchies → Refers to the distribution of power in families.
Ordeals → Making the client's symptoms too much trouble for the client to continue to have. (Assigning hours of exercise in the middle of the night when they have been symptomatic that day.)
Family Projection Process → Murray Bowen. Goal is achievement of a higher level of differentiation of self on the part of each family member. Often involves working with one family member with the premise being that when one member changes, the others will follow. Each member is assisted in taking responsibility for his own role in problems. Comments are directed to the therapist. 8 interlocking concepts.
Psycholoanlytical Couples Therapy → Fairbairn, Kohut, Gilligan, Analyzes couple relations and mate selection as originating from the parent-child relationship during child developmental states. Attempts to uncover unresolved childhood conflicts with parent figures and their impact on current relationship.Critical part is introjection - how the infant processes versions of the love object.
Structural Family Theory (Salvador Minuchin) → Jay Haley.Consistent with Milton Erickson's work. Emphasizes change techniques over theory. Believe in the possibility of rapid change and use resistance of family members in the service of change. Communication is seen as defining relationship. Every relationship is seen as a struggle for power.