12th century by the Occitan
When was the SESTINA created? By who?
famous troubadour who made many SESTINAs and was widely immitated - his work was spread throughout Europe
6 6 line stanzas and one 3 line stanza
How many stanzas are in a SESTINA? how many lines are within the stanzas?
1+1=2 2+2=4 3+3=6 4=demoted 5=promoted 6=first
describe a retrograde cross used in a SESTINA
Guillame de Machaut
name one of the earliest writers of RONDEAUS
when was guillame de machaut born + when did he die?
when was the RONDEAU first used
3 stanzas = 5,4,6
how many stanzas does a RONDEAU have? how many lines in each?
aabba/aab refrain/aabba refrain
rhyme scheme of a RONDEAU
what does a HAIKU usually include?
# of syllables in a HAIKU
Italian and English ren
when the SONNET was first used
italian SONNET rhyme scheme
english SONNET rhyme scheme
question and response
what are the different parts of a SONNET about?
tells a story
what does a BALLAD do? / what is a ballad about?
BALLAD rhyme scheme
1st and 3rd = 8syll 2nd and 4th = 6syll
in a BALLAD (w/ 6-8 quatrains) how many syllables does each line have?
when was the first time FREE VERSE was seen?
does a FREE VERSE have a rhyme scheme or certain syllables?
what does a FREE VERSE usually have?
what was a VILLANELLE originally? (its now considered english)
1st english writer to praise VILLANELLE
influenced english VILLANELLEs in the 20th century
how many different rhyme sounds does a VILLANELLE have?
# of stanzas in a VILLANELLE
refrain1a b refrain2a/ab refrain1/ab refrain2/ab refrain1/ab refrain2/ab refrain1 refrain2
rhyme scheme in a VILLANELLE