The official who holds an office.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
The official endorsement of a candidate for office by a political party. Generally success in nomination game requires momentum, money, and media.
Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final selection of office holders.
A primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote.
A primary in which any registered voter can vote (but must vote for candidates of only one party).
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidates from both parties.
In an election with more than 2 options the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number but less that half of the votes.
A meeting or formal assembly, as of representatives or delegates, for discussion of and action on particular matters of common concern.
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
A commission formed at the 1968 Democratic convention in response to demands for reform by minority groups and others who sought better representation.
Every 4 years, president and vice president only 2 positions nationally elected, President elected indirectly through electoral college.
The congressional elections that take place midway through a president's four-year term.
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached.
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001.
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany. President who sent federal troops to Little Rock to guarantee that the nine African-American students were protected and integration would occur.
Federal Matching Funds
Federal Election Campaign Act provides for public funding of presidential candidates. Candidates must raise at least $5,000 in individual contributions of $200 or less in each of 20 states and may then apply for federal funds to match all individual contributions of $250 or less that they receive.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA)
Largely banned party soft money, restored long-standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions for using general treasury funds for electoral purposes, and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy.
Federal Election Commission
A six-member bipartisan agency created by the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974. The federal Election Commission administers and enforces campaign finance laws.
Buckley v Valeo
A case in which the Supreme Court of the United States upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
A Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held.
The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention.
At a political presidential convention, when one candidate does not have a majority, they go to ballots to negotiate a victor.
A rise in public approval following national conventions.
The body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president.
An electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only to the candidates who come in first in their constituencies. In US presidential elections, the system in which the winner of the popular vote in a state receives all the electoral votes of that state.
Media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest.
The proportion of persons of voting age who actually vote in a given election.
The commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory.
Casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate.