Etymology Final Exam Pt. 3

100 terms by thtswimmer 

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conduct

lead; guide; escort

deduction

1. taking away; subtraction 2. reasoning from the general to the particular

duct

tube or channel for conducting a liquid, air, etc.

ductile

1. able to be drawn out or hammered thin (said of metal) 2. easily led; docile

induce

lead on; move by persuasion

induct

admit ("lead in") as a member; initiate

induction

1. ceremony by which one is made a member; initiation 2. reasoning from the particular to the general

seduction

enticement; leading astray into wrongdoing

traduce

(literally, "lead along" as a spectacle to bring into disgrace); malign; slander; vilify; calumniate

viaduct

bridge for conducting a road or railroad over a valley, river, etc.

consecutive

following in regular order; successive

consequence

1. that which follows logically; result 2. importance

execute

1. follow through to completion; carry out 2. put to death

inconsequential

of no consequence; trivial; unimportant

non sequitur

statement that does not follow from previous statements

persecute

oppress; harass; annoy

prosecute

1. follow to the end or until finished 2. conduct legal proceedings against; sue

sequel

something that follows; continuation; consequence; outcome

sequence

the following of one thing after another; succession; orderly series

sequential

arranged in a sequence; serial

concur

1. agree; be of the same opinion (literally, "run together") 2. happen together; coincide

concurrent

running together; occurring at the same time; simultaneous

current (adj.)

now in progress; prevailing

current (n.)

flow

curriculum

course of study in a school or college

cursive

running or flowing (said of handwriting in which the letters are joined)

cursory

running over hastily; superficially done

discursive

wandering ("running") from one topic to another; rambling; digressive

excursion

going ("running") out or forth; expedition

incur

1. meet with ("run into") something undesirable 2. bring upon oneself

incursion

1. rushing into 2. hostile invasion; raid

precursor

forerunner; predecessor

recur

happen again (literally, "run again")

aggressive

disposed to attack (literally, "step toward"); militant; assertive; pushing

egress

means of going out; exit

gradation

1. change by steps or stages 2. act of grading

grade

step; stage; degree; rating

gradient

1. rate at which a road, railroad track, temperature, voltage, etc., rises or falls ("steps" up or down) 2. slope; inclination

gradual

step-by-step; proceeding by small stages or degrees

graduate

complete all the steps of a course and receive a diploma or degree

graduated

arranged in regular steps, stages, or degrees

progressive

going forward to something considered better

regressive

disposed to move ("step") backward; retrogressive

retrograde

1. going backward 2. becoming worse

retrogression

act of going from a better to a worse state; deterioration

transgress

step beyond the limits or barriers; go beyond; break a law; violate

biped

two-footed animal

centipede

(literally, "hundred-legged" creature); wormlike animal with one pair of legs on most of its segments

expedite

1. facilitate (literally, "extricate someone caught by the foot") 2. accelerate or speed up

impede

hinder (literally, "entangle the feet"); obstruct; block

impediment

1. hindrance; obstacle (literally, "something entangling the feet") 2. defect

millipede

(literally, "thousand-legged" creature); wormlike animal with two pairs of legs on most of its segments

pedal

lever acted on by the foot

pedestal

1. support or foot of a column or statue 2. foundation

pedestrian (n.)

person traveling on foot

pedestrian (adj.)

commonplace; unimaginative; dull

velocipede

1. child's tricycle (literally, "swift foot") 2. early form of bicycle

contact

touching or meeting; association; connection

contiguous

touching; in physical contact; adjoining

contingent

1. dependent on something else (literally, "touching together") 2. accidental

intact

untouched or uninjured; kept or left whole

intangible

1. not capable of being perceived by the sense of touch 2. hard to grasp or define exactly

tact

sensitive mental perception of what is appropriate on a given occasion (literally, "sense of touch")

tactful

having or show tact; diplomatic

tactile

1. pertaining to the sense of touch 2. tangible

tangent (adj.)

touching at only one point

tangent (n.)

line or surface meeting a curved line or surface at one point, but not intersecting it

tangential

merely touching; slightly connected; digressive

apprehend

1. seize or take into custody 2. understand

apprehensive

1. quick to understand to grasp 2. fearful of what may come; anxious

comprehensible

able to be grasped mentally; understandable

comprehensive

including ("seizing") very much; extensive

prehensile

adapted for seizing

reprehend

find fault with (literally, "hold back"); rebuke; reprimand; censure

reprehensible

deserving of censure; culpable

abject

sunk or cast down to a low condition; downtrodden; deserving contempt; wretched

conjecture

guess; supposition; inference

dejected

downcast ("throw down"); discouraged; depressed

eject

throw out; expel; evict

inject

force ("throw in"); introduce

interject

throw in between; insert; interpose

object

protest ("throw against"); disapprove

project

thrust or "throw forward"; plan

projectile

body (bullet, missile, ball, etc.) to be shot or otherwise "thrown forward"

reject

discard ("throw back"); refuse to take

subject

force (someone) to undergo something unpleasant or inconvenient; expose; make liable to

advert

turn attention; refer

aversion

feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to turn away from it; strong dislike; antipathy

avert

prevent ("turn away"); avoid

controversy

dispute (literally, a "turning against"); debate; quarrel

convert

transform (e.g., "turn" from one belief to another, one currency into another--as dollars into euros, or one physical state to another--as a liquid to a solid)

diversion

entertainment; amusement

divert

1. turn aside 2. amuse; entertain

extrovert

someone "turned outward" (e.g., social, outgoing, gregarious, focused on outside matters rather than on inner concerns)

inadvertently

without turning one's mind to the matter at hand; carelessly; unintentionally

incontrovertible

not able to be "turned opposite" or disputed; not open to question

introvert (n.)

someone "turned inward" (e.g., shy, diffident, focused on one's own thoughts and feelings rather than on outside matters

introvert (v.)

turn inward

invert

turn upside down

obverse

side turned toward the observer; therefore, the front of a coin, medal, etc.

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