What were the major reasons why WWII began?
1. Rise of dictators in Europe (Germany = Hitler; Italy = Mussolini; Russia = Stalin)
2. Acts of aggression (Germany and Russia invaded Poland)
3. Treaty of Versailles (Hitler and Mussolini did not like it)
Name the countries that made up the Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, & Japan
Name the major Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Soviet Union, Canada, and the U.S.
Name the dictators/leader of Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII
Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy) and Tojo (Japan)
Who were the leaders in the U.S. during WWII?
FDR and Truman
Who was the leader of Great Britain during most of WWII?
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during WWII?
What was the name of the political party of Italy during the 1930s?
the Facist Party
What was the name of the political party of Germany during the 1930s?
the Nazi Party
Why did the Soviet Union join the Allied Forces?
Because Germany attacked them
At the beginning of the war, the U.S.'s position was neutral but sympathetic to which side?
the Allies (Great Britain & France)
How did the U.S. get more involved in the war (without actually joining the war)?
1. We improved our Navy
2. We started our first peacetime draft
3. Congress passed the "Cash & Carry and Lend Lease Act"
Why did Japan get mad at the U.S.?
Because we froze Japan's assets ($) in American banks and we stopped sending them oil, gas, and other natural resources they needed
What date was the attack on Pearl Harbor?
December 7, 1941
Where is Pearl Harbor?
Why did the U.S. finally join the Allied Powers and enter WWII?
Because Japan attacked us at Pearl Harbor
What two countries invaded Poland in 1939 to start WWII?
Germany & Soviet Union
Which Allied Power was taken over (invaded) during the first year of fighting in WWII?
Why did the U.S. give Britain war supplies and old navy ships during the early years of WWII?
to protect its naval bases in the Carribbean
Which battle was the turning point in the Pacific?
The battle at Midway in the Phillipines
Which battle was the turning point in the Soviet Union?
The battle at Stalingrad
D-Day was when the Allies crossed the English Channel into what country, in order to free it from the Germans?
Where did the Allies land after they crossed the English Channel
the beaches of Normandy (France)
How did the Allies end the war in Japan?
The U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japan
What are the names of the Japanese cities that were hit by the atomic bombs?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What year did WWII end?
The Holocaust showed Hitler's hatred for what group of people?
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust?
Over 6 million
How did the Great Depression come to an end in the U.S.?
Because of WWII - people started working again. Some people joined the military, women joined the workforce, and farmers helped raise food for the U.S. and Europe
What people were placed in internment camps in the United States during WWII?
Why were Japanese Americans forced to leave their homes and belongings and moved into internment camps?
Because the government was afraid that if Japan invaded the U.S., these citizens would support Japanese troops
How did Americans help out during WWII on the homefront?
a. Bought war bonds to help raise $ to pay for the war
b. Grow victory gardens
c. Went without some goods (lived on rations of sugar, bread, milk, gas)
d. Had loved ones join the military - so lived without their family members