AP US History Chap 3

20 terms by lspurgeon 

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seasoning

occurs when settlers develop immunity to local diseases

middle passage

journey to america by slaves in slave ships

royal african company

trading company that maintained a monoply on importing slaves in the mainland colonies - led to high prices and low supplies, mid 1690's monopoly broken

slave codes

early 18th century lawa limited the rights of Blacks, gave almost absolute authority to white masters, color was the only factor in determining if someone subject to slave codes

scotch-irish

most numerous of the newcomers to the New World, Presbyterians who settled in Ulster, Northern Ireland, came to Americas because Britain outlawed exporting woolens (main source of their economy) and the Presbyterian religion

Eliza Lucas

Antiguian woman, experimented with cultivating indigo on the mainland, grew where rice wouldn't and harvested when the rice was still growing

Saugus Works

firt significant ironworks in the colonies, located in Mass in 1640's after iron ore deposits discovered, technological success, but a financial failure

Peter Hasenclever

controlled largest metal industrial enterprise in English North America, located in New Jersey, suffered from inadequate labor supply, small domestic market, and energy supply

Charles Carroll of Carrollton

wealthies man in the colonies, owned plantation with 40,000 acres and 285 slaves

Gullah

language developed by African workers so white masters could not understand them, hybrid of English and African, culturallly a connection to Africa

Town Meeting

annual event to choose "selectmen" to govern until next meeting, only men allowed to participate, must also be "visible saint"

visible saint

resident who could give evidence of grace, of being among the elect, confident o salvation as the result of a conversion experience, other members of the community had to still attend church

primogeniture

English system of passing all inherited property to the first-born son, did not take root in New England where father divided land among all sons - father could control sons

Salem, Mass

known for witchcraft, adolescent girls with strange behavior accussed several West Indian Servants, lead to hundreds of accusations including leading citizens and 19 deaths, ended 1692

George Whitefield

succeeded John Wesley as leader of Calvinist Methodists in Oxford, England, major force in revivalism in England and America, journey to colonies sparked Great Awakening

Johathan Edwards

outstanding preacher of the Great Awakening, attacked doctrines of easy salvation, stressed Puritan ideas of absolutely sovereignty of GOd, presdestination, and salvation by GOd's grace, descritpions of Hell terrifying

New Lights/Old Lights

New were revivalists, old were traditionalists, Great Awakening led to division and founding of new religions, also affected beliefs about education

dame schools

led by widowed or unmarried women in homes

Cotton Mather

Puritan theologian , believed that disease was punishment from God, but pushed idea of immunizations ( infecting with mild cases of disease to protect )

John Peter Zenger

NY publisher, trial in 1734-1735 for criticizing government, court ruled that criticism was not libel if true, different from England

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