Medical Terminology (Ch. 13 Ear combining forms and anatomical terms)

37 terms by jnp454 

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acous/o, audi/o

hearing

aer/o

air or gas

aerotitis

inflammation within the ear ducts due to pressure change

aur/i, ot/o

ear

cerumin/o

wax

salping/o

greek for "trumpet" because its coiled up and compact. eustacian tube or uterine tube.

ceruminosis

too much wax within the ear

tympan/o, myrang/o

eardrum. "drum" in latin.

tympanic membrane

eardrum

myringotomy

treatment of eardrum

T.M.

tympanic membrane

myrix

eardrum

-acusis

hearing condition

presbyacusis

hearing loss due to old age

salpingocytesis

ectopic or turbid pregnancy, fertilization that occurs within the fallopian tube that can be harmful to the mother.

sine cera

no coverups..real, sincere

otorhinolaryngology

nose, throat and ear study..pertains to nose, throat, and ears

sincere

without wax..refers to Roman statues being restored with wax..

pinna

auricle "little ear;" projected part of the external ear

cochlea

"shell" coiled tubular structure of the inner ear that contains the organ of Corti

external auditory meatus (canal)

external passage for sounds collected from the pinna to the tympanum

cerumen

waxy substance secreted by glands located throughout the external canal

malleus

hammer; first of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear

incus

anvil; middle of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear

stapes

stirrup; last of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear

eustachian/auditory tube

tube connecting the middle ear to the pharynx (throat)

mastoid process

projection of the temporal bone located behind the ear containing air cells that connect to the middle ear

oval window

membrane that covers the opening between the middle ear and the inner ear

inner ear

structures and liquids that relay sound waves to the auditory nerve fibers on a path to the brain for interpretation of sound

labyrinth

maze; inner ear consisting of bony and membranous labyrinths

perilymph

fluid that fills the bony labyrinth of the ear

endolymph

fluid within the cochlear duct of the inner ear (labyrinth)

organ of Corti

organ located int he cochlea that contains receptors (hair cells) that receive vibrations and generate nerve impulses

vestibule

middle part of the inner ear in front of the semicircular canals and behind the cochlea that contains the utricle and saccule

utricle

larger of two sacs within the membranous labyrinth of the vestibule in the inner ear

saccule

smaller of two sacs within the membranous labyrinth of the vestibule in the inner ear

semicircular canals

three canals within the inner ear that contain specialized receptor cells that generate nerve impulses with body movement

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