Social Studies Chapter 28 America in the 1950s

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Chapter 28 Study Guide

Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1952 running mate was

Richard M. Nixon.

World's first artificial satellite was named

Sputnik.

The 1950s soaring birthrate was known as the

baby boom.

Levittown was a

suburban development.

The greatest domestic program of the Eisenhower presidency involved

interstate highways.

Soviet leader in the 1950's -

Nikita Khrushchev.

Vietnam's Communist leader during this time period-

Ho Chi Minh.

In 1954 the Central Intelligence Agency helped overthrow the government in

Guatemala.

Richard Nixon gave the ______ speech.

"Checkers"

From 1945 to 1960, the total value of goods and services produced each year in the United States increased about

250 percent.

According to social critics, what was the cost of the sameness of suburban and corporate life?

Loss of individuality.

This important foreign policy adviser to Eisenhower proposed the policy of massive retaliation.

John Foster Dulles

Different attitudes toward music helped form the

generation gap.

What happened to "refreeze" the thaw in the Cold War?

The U-2 incident.

Between 1945 and 1960, per capita income increased

46 percent

Fighting broke out in the Middle East when Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized

the Suez Canal.

What percentage of Americans lived in poverty?

20 percent

Why did students in the 1950s "lie on the floor and stick their heads under the lockers," and how was the arms race involved?

Air-raids drills were held during school, students had practice safety drills. They had to put their heads under their lockers. The arms races was between the US and the Soviet Union, both were trying to develop nuclear weapons capable of destroying each other.

What impact did the baby boom have on American society of the 1950s?

Women left the workforce to stay home with their children. The economy grew and the demand for baby products and services grew. School enrollment grew as "baby boomers" reached school age. The education system was strained. Society put more focus on family and their needs.

The Author "The Feminine Mystique", this writer believed that many housewives were dissatisfied with their lives.

Betty Friedan

Although he approved military aid to help France fight in Indochina, Eisenhower ________ to send troops to help relieve French forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954.

firmly refused

Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1952 opponent

Adlai E. Stevenson

Capital of Hungary

Budapest

Author of "On the Road"

Jack Kerouac

Eisenhower's domestic policy- was referred to as-

moderate

When "the heads of government" meet, it is called a

summit.

In preparation for a nuclear attack, many families built

air-raid shelters.

In 1961 when Eisenhower left office, the government had a surplus of

$300 million.

A belief is this led the United States to help create the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.

domino theory

What alliance did Dwight D. Eisenhower fear would heat up the arms race?

Soviet-Chinese alliance

The economic boom of the 1950s raised the

standard of living.

In the 1950s, 75 percent of new home construction took place in the

suburbs.

Oveta Culp Hobby

HEW secretary

Fulgencio Batista

overthrown by Fidel Castro

William H. Whyte, Jr.

1950's social critic

Allen Ginsberg

beat poet

Dwight D. Eisenhower feared this alliance heated the arms race and could "endanger our liberties or democratic processes."

military-industrial complex

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