Two or more persons who interact with one another in such a manner that each person influences and is influenced by each other person.
Individuals who temporarily share the same physical space but who do not see themselves as belonging together
group of people who share a common trait or status
A group that consists of two or more people who interact frequently and share a common identity and a feeling of interdependence
Characteristic of Groups
need to be made up of 2 or more people. groups interact in patterned ways.need to have a shared interest. some form of feeling of unity
A small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships
a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
a social group toward which a member feels respect and loyalty
a group or category to which people feel they do not belong
the willingness to go along with what the group does
Stanford Prison Experiment
Philip Zimbardo's study of the effect of roles on behavior. Participants were randomly assigned to play either prisoners or guards in a mock prison. The study was ended early because of the "guards'" role-induced cruelty.
a narrowing of thought by a group of thought by a group of people, leading to the perception that there is only one correct answer, in which to even suggest alternatives becomes a sign of disloyalty
Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society.
What we should do
What we shouldn't do
(criminal law) an act punishable by law
n. a sign of disgrace; a mark that lowers a reputation
Goffman's stigma types
Abomination of the body physical, blemish of an individual character, Tribal stigma because of your group
personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation
theory that deviance is more likely to occur when a gap exists between cultural goals and the ability to achieve these goals by legitimate means
Criminal justice system
system of state and federal courts, police, and prisons that enforces criminal law
Crime control model
A criminal justice perspective that emphasizes the efficent arrest and conviction of criminal offenders
process of changing or reforming a criminal through socialization
one of two components, together with agricultural surplus, which enables the formation of cities; the differentiation of society into classes based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
social position that one is assumed to occupy by entire of the group into which one happens to be born
theory of deviance positing that people will be prevented from engaging in deviant acts if they judge the costs of such an act to outweigh its benefits
_____Statuses (such as occupation, education, and income) are thought to be gained as a result of personal ability or successful competition. Most occupational positions in modern societies are these types of statuses.
the practice of owning slaves
ownership of human beings; a system of bondage in which a slave has the legal status of property and so can be bought as sold like property.
employers force people to work for long hours and little if any pay
a social structure in which classes are determined at birth
social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
a group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living
the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth