Myers Personality Italicized words

Created by maf23 

Upgrade to
remove ads

preconscious

a part of the mind where we can temporarily store thoughts from which we can retrieve them into conscious awareness

reality principle

the principle that the ego seeks to gratify the id's impulses in realistic ways that will bring long-term pleasure

manifest content

the remembered content of dreams

latent content

the unconscious wishes of a dreamer

oral stage, 0-18 months

pleasure centers on the mouth - sucking, chewing, and biting

anal stage, 18-36 months

pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control

phallic stage, 3-6 years

pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous feelings

latency stage (6 to puberty)

dormant sexual feelings

genital stage (puberty on)

maturation of sexual interests

inferiority complex

an idea proposed by Alfred Adler that the individual is overcoming feelings of inferiority

Karen Horney

countered Freud's idea that women suffer "penis envy" and have weak superegos

Carl Jung

proposed the idea of a collective unconscious

psychodynamic theory

a descendant of psychoanalytic theory; held by Neo-Freudian theory

false consensus effect

the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors

factor analysis

the statistical procedure to identify clusters of test items that tap basic components of intelligence (or, in this case, personality traits)

Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, and Extraversion

CANOE

Conscientiousness

Organized vs. Disorganized
Careful vs. Careless
Disciplined vs. Impulsive

Agreeableness

Soft-hearted vs. Ruthless
Trusting vs. Suspicious
Helpful vs. Uncooperative

Neuroticism

Calm vs. anxious
Secure vs. Insecure
Self-satisfied vs. self-pitying

Openness

Imaginative vs. Practical
Preference for variety vs. Preference for routine
Independent vs. Conforming

Extraversion

Sociable vs. Retiring
Fun-loving vs. Sober
Affectionate vs. Reserved

person-situation controversy

is behavior influenced more by environment or does a consistent personality exist

attributional style

the way that people rationalize consequences

self

in contemporary psychology, assumed to be the center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions

self-esteem

one's feelings of high or low self worth

self-control

the ability to control impulses and delay gratification

neuroticism

a personality trait characterized by instability, anxiety, aggression, etc

conscientiousness

state of being
controlled by or done according to conscience; scrupulous
meticulous; careful; painstaking; particular

openness

ability to tolerate change

extroversion

the directing of one's interest outwards, esp towards social contacts

agreeableness

the state of being willing or ready to agree or consent

Alfred Adler

proposed inferiority complex

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set