Parts of an Enzyme (test 3)

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cofactor

made up of minerals, usually metal ions, helps form part of the active site

coenzyme

Made up of vitamins, helps form part of the active site

Apoenzyme

Protein scaffolding;where the cofactor and coenzyme attach

Holoenzyme

cofactor+coenzyme+apoenzyme

Allosteric site

Site that that can can be used to change the shape of the enzyme which causes the substrate to not be able to bind with the enzyme, can be used to slow down reactions (inhibit) to slow production of end product.

Allosteric Inhibitor

Inhibitor that binds with allosteric site; non-competitive inhibitor

competitive inhibitor

Chemical that binds with the active site blocking the normal substrates from binding with the enzyme

Substrate

molecules that bind with enzyme in active site

Enzyme-substrate complex

Enzyme+substrate after binding

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