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mold

a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass of filaments.

yeast

Single-celled fungus that reproduces asexually by binary fission or by the pinching of small buds off a parent cell

hyphae

branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi

chitin

Complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi

mycology

the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases

mycelium

The densely branched network of hyphae in a fungus.

septa

the cells that make up hyphae are divided by these cross sections

coenocytic hyphae

hyphae that contain no septa and appear as long, continuous cells with many nuclei

budding

asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism

fragmentation

A means of asexual reproduction whereby a single parent breaks into parts that regenerate into whole new individuals.

rhizoids

the hyphae that anchors the mold to the surface of the bread and that penetrates the breads surface

stolons

Stemlike hyphae that runs along the surface of the food source

gametangium

a sexual reproductive structure that contains a nucleus of a mating type

lichen

Symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism

mycorrhiza

Symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots

asci

the sac in ascomycetes in which the sexual spores are formed.

Zygomycota

Common molds, have life cycles that include zygospore

Basidomycota

Taxonomic phylum of fungi which produce basidiospores sexually and contain mushrooms

Ascomycota

Sac fungi, contains ascus, structure of reproduction that contain spores.

fungi imperfecti

Fungi that is unclassified due to no discovery of a sexual cycle.

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