LOM Ch. 12 abbreviations

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Respiratory tract

ABCs

arterial blood gases

AFB

acid-fast bacillus

-type of organism that occurs in tuberculosis

ARDS

acute (formerly adult) respiratory distress syndrome

- a group of signs and symptoms influding tachypnea, dyspnea, tachycardia, hypoxemia, and cyanosis associated with acute respiratory failure

BAL

bronchioalveolar lavage

bronch

bronchoscopy

CF

Cystic fibrosis

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

-airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

3 basic steps (ABC)
A) Airway opened by tilting the head
B) Breathing restored by mouth-to-mouth
C) Circulation restored by external cardiac compression

C&S

culture and sensitivity testing (of sputum)

CTPA

computed tomography pulmonary angiography

CXR

chest x-ray

DI(CO)

diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus

-toxoids for vaccination of infants to provide immunity for these diseases

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in 1 second

FVC

forced vital capacity

-amount of gas that can be forcibly and rapidly exhaled after a full inspiration

HCO3-

bicarbonate

ICU

intensive care unit

LLL

left lower lobe

LUL

left upper lobe

MDI

metered-dose inhaler

NSCLC

non-small cell lung cancer

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

PaCO2

carbon dioxide partial pressure

- to measure amt in arterial blood

PaO2

oxygen partial pressure

- a measure of the amt of oxygen in arterial blood

PCP

pneumocystis pneumonia

- a type of pneumonia seen in pateitns with AIDS or other immunosuppression

PE

pulmonary embolism

PEP

positive expiratory pressure

-mechanical ventilator strategy in which patient takes a deep breath and then exhales thru a device that resists air flow (helps refill underventilated areas of the lung)

PEEP

positive end-expiratory pressure

-common mechanical ventilator setting in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure

PFTs

pulmonary function tests

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

PPD

purified protein derivative

-substance used in a tuberculosis test

RDS

respiratory distress syndrom

-in the newborn infant, condition marked by dyspnea and cyanosis and related to absence of surfactant.

RLL

right lower lobe

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus

-common caused of bronchiolitis, broncho pneumonia, and the common cold

RUL

right upper lung

RV

residual volume

-amount of air remaining in lungs at the end of maximal expiration

SCLC

small cell lung cancer

SOB

shortness of breath

TB

tuberculosis

TLC

total lung capacity

-volume of gas in the lungs at the end of maximal inspiration; equals VC plus RV

URI

upper respiratory infection

V(t)

tidal volume

-amt of air inhaled and exhaled during a normal ventilation

VATS

video-assisted thoracic surgery (thoracoscopy)

VC

vital capacity

-equals inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume

V/Q scan

ventilation-perfusion scan

-radioactive test of lung ventilation and blood perfusion throughout the lung capillaries (lung scan)

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