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amino acids

building blocks of proteins

basal metabolic rate

amount of energy needed to maintain life when the body is at rest

bland diet

easily digested foods that don't irritate digestive tract

calcium

...

calorie

unit that measures the amount of energy contained within the chemical bonds of different foods

carbohydrate

main source of energy for the body

cholesterol

fat in animal products like meat, cheese, and eggs

complete proteins

proteins that contain all amino acids

empty calories

found in foods like candy, dont have a nutritional value

fat

a natural oily or greasy substance

fiber

found in plant foods like cereal, whole grain breads, beans and peas, other vegetables and fruit

fluorine

in drinking water, needed for bones and teeth

food guide pyramid

represents the five food groups, as well as fats and oils

HDL

high density lipoprotein- remove excess cholesterol from cells and carries it back to liver to be broken down

incomplete proteins

proteins that do not contain all amino acids

iodine

in shellfish and iodized salt, needed to make thyroid hormone

iron

in liver, lean meats, needed to make hemoglobin

LDL

low density lipoprotein- carries fat to cells

liquid diet

clear or full of liquids

lipids

source of energy

low cholesterol diet

restrict foods high in saturated fat

metabolism

use of food nutrients by the body to produce energy

mineral

from inorganic compounds in food

nutrient

a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life

potassium

...

protein

source of energy

purging

vomiting and laxative abuse

recommended daily Allowances

chart that lists recommended intake of vitamins and minerals

regular diet

...

roughage

the indigestible part of food

sodium

...

sodium restricted diet

reduced salt intake

trace element

present in very small amounts, toxic levels are close to healthy levels

vitamin

biologically active organic compound

vitamin A

fat soluble, can be stored in the body

vitamin K

fat soluble, can be stored in the body

vitamin C

water soluble, can't be stored, excess excreted by the body

vitamin B1

water soluble, can't be stored, excess excreted by the body

Vitamin D

fat soluble, can be stored in the body

water

Essential nutrient

Anorexia nervosa

serious mental disorder, mostly in teenage females

anorexia

loss of appetite

bulimia

episodic binge eating followed by purging

deficiency diseases

fluorine- tooth decay, iodine- enlarged thyroid, iron- anemia

malnutrition

state of poor nutrition due to diet or illness

obesity

weighs 15% more than optimal body weight for gender, height, and bone structure

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