Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Includes: Philosophy and Philosophers Medicine Science Democracy Theater Literature History Architecture Olympics Alphabet Math Art

Thales

1st Greek philosopher-searched for explanation that the world rested on water & the occurrence of earthquakes

Socrates

Questions for everything-Questions criticized government and was put to death

Plato

student of Socrates
Wrote to books
Republic (book on the best way to govern)
The Apology (book as a response to Socrates)

Aristotle

Student of Plato/teacher of Alexander the Great
1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory

Hippocrates

Father of Medicine - looked for natural causes
Hippocratic Oath - requires all doctors to act ethically and morally

Anaxagoras

explained solar eclipes

Aristarchus

astronomer
found out that the earth revolved around the sun

Archimedes

law of physics
found out how water rises with a person in it

Direct Democracy

Every citizen (only men) votes. It was like this in Ancient Greece

Representative Democracy

vote on representative to vote on the issue

Theater

originally songs/dances in marketplaces (agoras) then open air theaters - By 5th century BC 2 types of plays
Tragedy - serious, tragic end
Comedy - light-hearted/joke, humor

Greek Myths

about gods and heros

Epics Poems

celebrating heroic deeds
Iliad and Oddessy (Homer)

Lyric Poems

concerned with feelings

Herodotus

wrote about the Persian Wars
Father of History
1st to gather facts and write them down
Word history comes from name

Thucydides

wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions---like a reporter

Parthenon

Temple to Athena - Parts still stand

Agoras

open air theaters

Columns

• Doric - Simple
• Ionic - Swirls
• Corinthian - Leaves

Olympics

Sports to honor gods
Every 4 years - Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon - revealed best all - around athlete

Heraia

Women had own Olympics in non-Olympic years

Alphabet

ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100 - 700 BC

Math

Pythagorus - Geometry Theorem
Euclid - the father of geometry
Abacus - counting tool

Art

Sculptures - human, lifelike
Paintings

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set