There is a decrease of physiological _____ in the organs of geriatric patients.
Why do geriatric hearts have elevated afterload, eleveated systolic BP, and left ventricular hypertrophy?
reduced arterial elasticity (less aortic contribution to BP) and decreased adrenergic activity
There is ____of the cardiovascular conduction system in geriatric patients.
Hypotension at induction, decreased onset of action for IV drugs, and increased onset of action for inhaled drugs are all consequences of diminished ______ reserve in geriatric patients.
Why do inhaled. anesth. agents take longer to achieve there effect in the geriatric patient?
decreased alveolar surface, v/q mismatch, increased closing capacity
Geriatric animals should always be _____ before GA.
In general, you need less ______ to achieve the effect in geriatric patients.
The kidneys of the geriatric patients have ____ blood flow and GFR.
B/c the kidneys have decreased _______ response, there is impaired ____ secretion.
You should do a full ______ before GA in geriatric patients.
_____ are contraindicated in geriatric patients b/c they are long acting, have vascular effects, cause hypothermia, and there is no reversal?
What are the best analgesics for geriatric patients?
T/F propofol, alfaxalone, etomidate, and ketamine are all good choices for geriatric patients b/c they are short acting and have min. CV and resp. effects.