Plant Kingdom Terms

Created by 7-2science 

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Root

Anchor the plant

Root Hairs

Absorbs the nutrients from the soil

Leaf

Produce food and oxygen

Stem

Gives structure to the plant

Stalk

Attaches the leaf to the stem

Palisade Layer

Contains the chlorophyll

Upper Epidermis

Thin protective layer on the top of the leaf

Cuticle

Waxy covering on the leaf

Spongy Layer

Storage area

Lower Epidermis

Thin protective layer on the bottom

Vascular Plants

Plants with tubes to transport water and minerals

Nonvascular Plants

Plants without tubes to transport water and minerals

Angiosperm

Flowering vascular plant

Gymnosperm

Nonflowering vascular plant

Xylem

Carries water and nutrients up through the plant

Phloem

Carries the food throughout the plant

Herbaceous

Soft green and flexible stem

Woody

Hard, rigid stem

Taproot

Large, main root

Fibrous Roots

Roots with many branches

Deciduous

Trees that lose their leaves every autumn

Evergreen

Trees that shed their needles periodically throughout the year

Perennial

Plant that lives from one growing period to the next

Annual

Plant that lives and dies in one growing season

Biennial

Plant that produces leaves and food the 1st year and dies the next year

Cambium

A layer of cells that produces new xylem and phloem tissues

Seed

Contains a young plant inside a protective covering

Root Cap

Protects the growing tip of the root from injury

Stomata

Small openings or pores on the surface of leaves

Cotyledon

A seed leaf where food can be stored

Pollination

Transfer of pollen to the female parts of the plants

Fertilization

Process when the pollen meets the egg

Germination

Process when the seed first begins to grow

Transpiration

Loss of water vapor from the leaves

Respiration

Process when the cells in the plant use the glucose and the oxygen

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