medical term chapter 5

Created by knaples16 

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Alveolus

air sacs at the end of the bronchioles. oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through

anoxia

condition of absence of oxygen

arterial blood gases

a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen carbon dioxide and other gases present

asphyxia

deprivation of oxygen for tissue use suffocation

aspiration

to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract

asthma

respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing wheezing shortness of breath and constriction of airways

bronchiectasis

dilation of the bronchi

bronchodilator

agent causing the bronchi to widen

bronchogenic carcinoma

cancerous tumor orgininating in a bronchus

bronchus

one of two branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs where it divides and subdicides. bronchial tree

capnometer

instrument used to measure carbon dioxide

coccidiodomycosis

fungial disease affecting the lungs and somtimes other organs of the body

cor pulmonale

serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders such as emphysema

diaphragm

muscular partition that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity

dyspnea

difficult breathing

epistaxis

nosebleed (rhinorrhagia0

eupnea

normal breathing

hemothorax

blood in the chest

hypoxemia

condition of deficient oxygen

hypercapnia

condition of excessive carbon dioxide

hypoventilation

ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs

hypoxia

condition of deficient oxygen to the tissue

laryngotracheobronchitis

inflammation of the larynx trachea and bronchi the acute from is called croup

mediastinum

space between the lungs it contains the heart trachea and great blood vessels

mucopurulent

containing both mucus and pus

nasal septum

partition separating the right and left nasal cavities

nebulizer ventilator

device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment

obstructive sleep apnea

repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure

oximeter

instrument used to measure oxygen

patent

open

pertussis

highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration or whoop

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

pneumatocele

hernia of the lung ( lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest)

pneumothorax

air in the chest which causes collapse of the lung

pulmonary function test

a group of test to measure breathing

rhinitis

inflammation of the nose (mucous membrane)

spirometer

instrument to measure breathing or lung volumes

trachepstenosis

narrowing of the trachea

tuberculosis

an infection or disease caused by an acid fast bacillus most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs

upper respiratory infection

infection of the nasal cavity pharynx or larynx

ventilation perfusion scanning

medical procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism an other conditions also called a lung scan

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