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Melody

Melody

Meaningful succession of pitches.

Phrase

Section of a melody, comparable to a section or phrase of a sentence.

Cadence

Stopping point.

Sequence

Melodic phrase repeated at different levels of pitch.

Tune

Melody that is easy to recognize, memorize, and sing.

Theme

Melody that recurs throughout a section, a movement, or an entire composition.

Motive, motivic melody

Short melodic phrase that may be effectively developed.

Lyrical melody

Relatively long, songlike melody.

Scale

Ascending or descending pattern of half steps, whole steps or both.

Major Scale

Ascending pattern steps as follows: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.

Minor Scale

Ascending pattern of steps as follows: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole.

Tonic

First and most important note of the major or minor scale, to which all other notes in the scale are subordinate.

Key

The major or minor scale on which a composition is based.

Chromatic Scale

Twelve consecutive half steps within the range of an octave.

Whole-tone scale

Six consecutive whole steps within the range of an octave.

Pentatonic scale

Five-note scale

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