Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside settlements.
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
Central Business District (CBD)
area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. A characteristic political form in early Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, and early Italy. (p. 32)
Clustered Rural Settlements
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement
businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and personal services.
Dispersed Rural settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
A community's collection of basic industries.
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market Area (hinterland)
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers in the community
Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.A country's largest city-ranking atop the urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital as well.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Services that primarily help people conduct business., provide services primarily to help people conduct other business--either agriculture, manufacturing, or other services. One fifth of all the U.S. jobs are in producer services. One third of the producer-service jobs are in financial services, including banks, insurance companies, real estate, and other financial institutions. Another one third are in professional services, primarily law, engineering, and management. The remaining one third are in other business services, such as advertising, employment agencies, and janitorial work.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses
Range (of a service)
The distance people are willing to travel for a service., The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
Service that provides goods to sell to consumers. One fifth of the jobs in the United States that provide goods for sale to consumer. One fifth of the jobs are in wholesale, one third in restaurants or food stores, and the rest in shops selling goods.
Activites that are provided for consumers if they can afford it.
An area or site where people are situated in, whether it is dispersed or clustered rural, urban, or surburban.
The amount of labor/work needed for a service.
Transportation and information services
Services that diffuse and distribute services.