If you were to alphabetically arrange the major body systems, which would be first on the list?
When a river flows directly into a shallow sea, sediments may form a large triangular deposit called a...
It could hold more than 50,000 people and was one of the largest buildings in the Roman Empire. Name this gigantic sports stadium in ancient Rome.
Astigmatism, strabismus, conjunctivitis, ophthalmia, and presbyopia are disorders affecting what organ?
This poem is often considered to be the greatest nonsense poem written in the English language. The title of this poem was also the title of a movie produced in 1977 by Terry Gilliam. Name it.
This author wrote the poem "Jabberwocky," and included it in his book "Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There." What was Lewis Carroll's real name?
The name "Lewis Carroll" was made up by Charles Dodgson and used as his pen name. What word describes a fictitious name?
It lies east of Cuba and west of Puerto Rico and is the second largest island in the West Indies. Name it.
This is about what group of New World colonists? - They moved the sick to the Common House for the winter. By spring, half of their party had died, including Governor Carver. William Bradford was elected the new governor.
One lap around the Broken Bow High School track is 440 yards. How many times would you have to run around this track to cover 2 miles?
What is the five-syllable name for the type of power produced when falling water turns turbines connected to electric generators?
This passage is about a former leader of what country? - On November 9th, the Kaiser abdicated and escaped to Holland.
This passage is about what president? After completing the three and a half years that remained of McKinley's term, he was elected president in his own right in 1904.
Meteorologist Mamie Melrose just announced that she expects to see a stratus cloud close to the ground on Tuesday. What is she predicting?
What is the three-letter abbreviation for the one agency of the US government that acts as a watchdog for environmental matters?
The Green River, the Dolores River, and the San Juan River flow into the Colorado River. Therefore, what four-syllable term describes these rivers?
This passage is about what country? - In 1789, the National Assembly abolished feudalism and drew up a "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen," proclaiming that "Men are born and remain free and equal in rights."
Coal, oil, and natural gas all contain what flammable gaseous element that is more than 14 times lighter than air, colorless, and tasteless?
This large seabird spends most of its time in the air over the oceans. It may have a wingspan of over 11 feet, the largest of any bird. Most live south of the equator. Sailors believe that killing one brings bad luck. Name it.
What was the nickname of the man who led a successful guerilla war in the Carolinas against British troops under General Cornwallis during the American Revolution?
The Incredible Journey
What piece of American literature was described as a seven-hankie book based on actual events about two dogs and a cat who share a marvelous journey?
According to Thomas Edison, what is it that is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration?
What country most vehemently disputes Beijing's contention that the only China is the People's Republic of China?
At 4 miles per hour, it takes exactly one hour for Abe to walk to school in a blinding blizzard. How many minutes would it take for him if he were to walk at 5 miles per hour?
Irene Adler is the only woman to have beaten this character, according to his friend in the story "A Case of Identity." This man's brother, Mycroft, appears in three short stories, including the one in which this character falls to his apparent death while wrestling Professor Moriaty. Name this fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
(Jack Leon) Ruby
Two days after Kennedy was killed, this man killed Lee Harvey Oswald on live television.
(Lydon Baines) Johnson
This Vice President was sworn in on Air Force One as the 36th President of the United States.
This man was succeeded in 1750 BCE by son Samsuiluna. Continuing the tradition of his ancestors, he sought to control the Euphrates by defeating other rulers, such as Rim-Sin of Larsa. The city of Isin was located between Larsa and this man's kingdom, Babylon. Name this king whose punishments consisted of giving "an eye for and eye," which was outlined in his famous code.
(An) American in Paris
The Oscar winner for Best Picture of 1951, it ended with a long dance number set to the music from which the movie's title was taken.
2001: (A) Space Odyssey
This 1969 classic ends with a twenty minute piece showing an astronaut aging, then turning into a child seen orbiting the Earth.
The last five minutes of this 1993 film sees a long line of people leaving rocks on a grave marker in an Israeli cemetery.
Close Encounters of the Third Kind
The last several minutes of this 1977 film does feature conversation using music and sign language, but is mostly about Richard Dreyfus boarding a ship with one of John Williams' great overtures.
Mitochondrion (or mitochondria)
According to the endosymbiotic theory, they may have originated as seperate bacteria, because they have their own DNA. Enzymes required for respiration can be found embedded in the membrance of its matrix, the cristae. Name this organelle that performs cellular respiration, often called the powerhouse of the cell.
This many headed monster was eventually defeated by Hercules when he placed its final remaining head under a large rock.
This creature was the brother of Chrysaor and with him, sprung from the neck of Medusa after she was killed.
These pets of Ares with brass claws and sharp metallic feathers they were able to launch at their victims, were eradicated by Hercules in his sixth labor.
This soft, dense, blue-gray metal is used in many things such as solder and radiation shields, but its greatest single use is in car batteries. Name it.
Did the dog bite the postman?
Transform this into an interrogative sentence: The dog bit the postman.
What is the name for a facility that separates oil into a variety of petrochemicals such as gasoline, kerosene, and propane?
Work on it began in 1927, and it is named after a prominent New York lawyer. Another person was supposed to be added to it, but funding was unable to come through. The sculptor had worked on a similar structure in Georgia entitled Stone Mountain, but he is best known for this work, which is set among the Black Hills. Identify this South Dakota mountain sculpted by Gutzon Borglum that features the faces of four US Presidents.
(We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock
It was written by Max Freedman and James Myers in 1952, and was first recorded on April 12, 1954 at the Pythian Temples Studio in New York as the "B" side for Thirteen Women. Though it did chart, it was not commercially successful until actor Glenn Ford suggested it as the music over the opening credits of the film Blackboard Jungle. Identify this song recorded by Bill Haley and His Comets, the first rock-and-roll song to hit number one on the American record charts.
This country's largest lake is Saimaa, and it is the farthest east of all the Scandinavian countries.
You have a standard deck of playing cards. WIthout replacement, what is the probability that you will draw a red ace followed by any face card or ace?
Formerly an office building, this Milan gallery contains Primavera and Venus of Urbino, among others.
State Hermitage Museum
St. Sebastian and Madonna With a Flower are among the works housed at this St. Petersburg museum.
(Solomon R.) Guggenheim Museum
The Soldier Drinks and Sacrifice can be found in this New York museum, which typically features more modern art.
(Aaron) Burr(, Jr.)
After serving as the third New York Attorney General, this man would become a United States Senator. Later in his life, he would be charged and acquitted of treason for attempts to create and lead an independent nation in what is now the American southwest. Name this first vice president not to become president, and the man who killed Alexander Hamilton in a gunfight.
As a child, she and her siblings created imaginary lands such as Angria, Gondal, and Gaaldine which later appeared in the stories they wrote. Her only novel was published as two volumes of a three volume set, with the third being her sister's Agnes Grey. Publishing this work under the pseudonym of Ellis Bell, identify this British novelist best know for Wuthering Heights.
The number of vertices in a polyhedron, minus the number of edges, plus the number of faces, equals this.
Queen Mary I
Known for her persecution of early protestants, who was the second ruling Queen of England?
Queen Elizabeth I
Mary's half-sister, the third ruling Queen of England, was known as the Virgin Queen. Who was she?
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
Which king and queen were responsible for the Spanish Inquisition?
Hans Christian Andersen
Name the Danish author of "The Ugly Duckling," "The Little Mermaid," and "The Snow Queen."
Grand Canyon National Park
Name the national park in Arizona that was established on Februrary 26, 1919.
Avogadro's number (or Avogadro's constant)
Equal to Faraday's constant divided by the charge of an electron, or the ideal gas constant divided by Boltzman's constant, it was never measured by its namesake. That namesake, an Italian chemist, realized that the volume of an ideal gas is proportional to the number of particles. Name this physical constant, the number of particles in a mole, equal to 6.02 times ten to the 23rd.
Identify the Shakespeare play in which the following location plays a prominent role: Dunsinane Castle, the castle of the title ruler, which sits atop a hill next to Birnam Wood.
Identify the Shakespeare play in which the following location plays a prominent role: Elsinore Castle, atop which two watchmen see the ghost of the recently-deceased king who was murdered, as it turns out, by his brother.
Identify the Shakespeare play in which the following locations play prominent roles: Venice, from which the title character hails, and Cyprus, the island to which he travels as a military commander to fight against Turkish forces.
Identify the Shakespeare play in which the following location plays a prominent role: Dover, where the title character and the Earl of Gloucester (GLOW-stur) end up at the end of the play. Neither is doing very well, as Gloucester is blind, and the title man has gone mad after two of his three heirs have mistreated him.
White became the color of choice for wedding dresses in 1840 when this Queen of England was married in white.
Michael Collins and Jim Lovell were co-credited with developing the symbol for this mission. Their original design was rejected because the talons were empty, and appeared warlike. When the olive branches were moved from the beak to the talons, it was accepted, even though later it was discovered that the unseen sen was in the wrong place. Identify the mission which used this design on its mission patch; of which Lovell was not a part, Collins stayed behind, and Aldrin and Armstrong walked on the moon.
Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
Identify the following literary classic that has become a movie that won the Best Picture Oscar: This Tolkien work features the epic Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
Identify the following literary classic that has become a movie that won the Best Picture Oscar: This Judith Guest novel tells the story of the Jarret family and their life after the death of Buck, and the attempted suicide of Con.
All Quiet on the Western Front
Identify the following literary classic that has become a movie that won the Best Picture Oscar: This work tells the story of Paul Bäumer and the tragedy that befalls him while fighting in World War I.
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Identify the following literary classic that has become a movie that won the Best Picture Oscar: This novel relays the story of patients in a mental institution, and includes the characters R.P. McMurphy and Nurse Ratched.
The Dead Sea is the saltiest body of water in the world, containing 27% dissolved solids. What is the approximate percentage of dissolved solids in the world's oceans?
What term, reminiscent of wash day, indicates the process of concealing the source of a large sum of money by moving it through several bank accounts?
Name the canyon on the island of Kauai that is known as the "Grand Canyon of the Pacific."
What we call the state of Hawaii, he named the Sandwich Islands to honor the 4th Earl of Sandwich. Who was this English explorer credited with the European discovery of these islands in 1778?
The toes of its limbs end in strong curved claws. It lives upside down hanging by these claws on branches of trees. Algae grows in its hair giving it a greenish color. Name this very slow-moving animal of South America.
The Gift of the Magi
Name the ironical story in which a wife sells her hair to buy a watch chain for the husband who sold his watch to buy combs for his wife.
Provide the name of the month associated with turquoise and blue topaz and the flowers narcissus and holly. It starts on the same day of the week as September, and it contains Pearl Harbor Day, the Bill of Rights Day, and the winter solstice. Name this month, formerly the tenth month on the Roman calendar.
An inflammation of THIS is called glossitis. Identify this strongest muscle in the human body, used for speech and taste, and found in the mouth.
Senate and House of Representatives
Name BOTH legislative bodies that form the Congress of the United States.
This American composer was born in Texas in 1867. He received a posthumous Pulitzer in 1976 and produced the opera Treemonisha. He is most well-known for his compositions such as "The Chrysanthemum" and other "rag" pieces. Name this man, composer of "Maple Leaf Rag" and "The Entertainer."
This is a geographical feature which Heracles moved in order to clean out the Augean stables. It often forms the Greek letter "Delta" as a shape when it enters a larger body of water. It completes the saying, "Over the ______ and through the woods, to grandmother's house we go!" What is it?
No longer considered a planet, some scientists believe that THIS was not originally part of our solar system but was captured by our sun's gravitational pull instead. Name this heavenly body.
Things are not what they seem in which novel where Gen, an accomplished thief incarcerated for stealing the king's seal, is dragged from his cell by the king's magus. The magus and Gen take turns telling their party myths about the god of thieves. Gen is totally human in seeming lack of heroism and need for sleep and food. The magus makes the transition from smug, superior scholar to decent guy. What is the title of this Newbury Honor book by Megan Whalen Turner?
Who was the United States President when the Watergate hearings were held in Congress? He later became the first and only President to resign his office.
Watergate is a building complex along what river that flows through our nation's capital?
(Martin Luther) King (Jr.)
This man's statue has been somewhat controversial, and its design was changed to reflect a more humble, meditative pose. Whose memorial, to be built across the tidal basin from the Jefferson Memorial, will be the first to be built in Washington since the World War II Memorial in 2004?
A recipe calls for 2/3 cup of sugar. You have only 1/2 cup of sugar. What fraction of the recipe can you make?
The Hope, the Jubilee, and the Excelsior are only three famous ones of these. They are ranked 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness. What are they?
This mineral and gemstone is the birthstone for the month of November. It is a silicate mineral of aluminum and fluorine, and comes in a variety of colors, from blue to straw yellow. Name this, with a rank of 8 on the Mohs Scale.
On November 21st, many young people will be eager to see the movie version of a novel about love and vampires which reached #1 on the New York Times bestsellers list. Name this first in a series of novels by Stephanie Meyer
The titles of Stephanie Meyer's novels about Edward and Bella all have some element of the cosmos in them. What it the title of the novel that follows Twilight?
Spinels were originally thought to be these red gems which also fill in the blank of this title of a young adult novel by Philip Pullman, The _____ in the Smoke. What is it?
A typical flower has many of these. What is this flower part, the male organ, usually comprised of two parts?
(Sir) Isaac Newton
This British physicist, astronomer, mathematician, natural philosopher, and theologian was born in Lincolnshire, England. In 1699, he accused Leibniz of plagiarism. Name this man who is well known for his discoveries related to optics and prisms and his laws of motion.
This British politician was born in 1951 and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. A member of Parliament since 1983, name the current British prime minister, successor of Tony Blair.
Queen Elizabeth II
This woman's mother, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, did much to improve morale in World War II. Her son, Charles, is likely to assume the throne when she dies. Name the current queen of England.
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet
Roy G. Biv is one way students remember these colors. In order from longest to shortest wavelength, what are the colors in the visible spectrum or the rainbow?
Which, if any, words in the following sentence are collective nouns? Our class of boys is waiting for that group of girls.
The collective noun association with geese is gaggle, with sheep is herd, with lions is pride, and with crows is what?
Object made of materials like silicon; conductivity increases with temperature; serves as intermediate between a metal and insulator
When the land which became this STATE was acquired in 1867, many Americans thought it quite foolish. In fact, the agreement by which it was purchased was known as "Seward's Folly" for the Secretary of State who made the agreement with Russia. Name this, the 49th State.
Tell which of the following has the shortest wavelength: microwave, X-rays, radio, ultraviolet light, visible light
Tell which of the following has the longest wavelength:microwave, X-rays, radio, ultraviolet light, visible light
This animal is the second-loudest animal in the world. It is a land animal whose call can be heard three miles away. Name this, the largest New World monkey.
Alpha and Beta are the first two letters of whose alphabet? They look remarkably like our letters A and B, but the originate thousands of years ago.
This country, a nation of islands, extends along the Pacific coast of Asia. It consists of four main islands and about 3,000 smaller islands. Nearly 73% of this country is mountainous, and its highest mountain is the famous Mt. Fuji. Name this nation.
Name the 11-year old male protagonist of The Amulet of Samarkand. This boy is able to summon a five-thousand-year-old djinni [GEE-NEE] and possesses abilities far beyond those of the usual magicians in the novel.
Name this hero of the American Revolution, inventor and politician who said, "Be civil to all; sociable to many; familiar with few; friend to one; enemy to none." But in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
Which "large person" said, according to the King James Version of the Bible,"Am I a dog that thou comest to me with staves?" This man represented the Philistines in a battle where he was killed by a stone to his large head.
(John Philip) Sousa
Though he wrote numerous comic operas and a symphonic poem, they are rarely performed today. Born in 1854 and trained as a violinist, he became the leader of the United States Marine Band in 1880. Identify this American composer known as "the March King."
A symbol for Atlanta, what is the mythical bird that burns itself to death every 500 years and rises from its ashes?
In which country do you find the Temple of the Sun, built by the Mochica Indians, more commonly known as the only round building along the famous Inca Trail through Machu Picchu?
Statue of liberty
Frederic Bartholdi, a French sculptor, created many works. What is the name of the one that stands tall near New York City and holds a lamp?
(Louisa May) Alcott
Her first books were titled Flower Fables and Hospital Sketches, and she also served as a nurse during the Civil War for six weeks. Name this woman whose books include Little Men and Little Women
Legislative, Judicial, and Executive
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention created a government with three separate branches, each with its own distinct powers. Name these three branches of the U.S. government.
The Magician's Nephew
According to the story line, what is the first novel in The Chronicles of Narnia series written by C. S. Lewis.
The Witch of Blackbird Pond
Elizabeth George Speare's 1959 Newbery award-winning novel is a romantic, historical tale about a young girl's rebellion against bigotry and her Puritan surroundings. This novel's protagonist is Kit, a free-spirited sixteen-year-old colonial girl from Barbados who comes to live with relatives in the hard-working town of Wethersfield, Connecticut. What is this novel, still popular today?
Name the city in Massachusetts where Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible, is set, and which, in 1692, 19 so-called witches were actually hanged.
Believe it or not, there actually is an animal called a "zedonk." This animal is a hybrid mix of a donkey and what other four legged, hoofed animal?
Zedonks are hybrids along with over 100 dogs recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club. What hybrid results from a Poodle and a Labrador Retriever?
If a woman was born in New York in 1780, in what century did she die if she lived for 30 years?
He wrote Humoresque, but he is more famous for his New World Symphony. Name this Czech composer.
What name is given to the base line on a map from which latitude is calculated? It has zero degrees latitude and is equidistant from the two geographical poles.
What is the name of the country whose largest city at 2.3 million is Guayaquil? Two high, parallel ranges of the Andes traverse this country from north to south.
In 1832, these famous islands about 600 miles west of Ecuador became part of that country. Darwin visited them - you name them!
El Greco (or Domenikos Theotocopulos)
This Greek painter moved to Spain, and earned the nickname literally meaning "The Greek." Name this painter who painted View of Toledo.
Nine of them were thought to follow Apollo, each representing some form of art, music, dance, craft, or skill. Who are these Greek females from whom we derive the word "music"?
Herakles (HER -ah-kleez) defeated this creature in his first of twelve famous labors. Provide the two-word name for this animal whose skin Herakles wore afterwards.
He's known for other attributes, but can you name the Greek god associated with vegetation, being "twice born" through his mother and then his father's thigh, and honored in a great festival in Athens which led to Greek tragedy and comedy?
Oregon lake, deepest in the U.S., formed when Mt. Mazama blew its top over 7,000 years ago
Substance often flows out of a volcano during an eruption; A'a, Pillow, and Pahoehoe are three kinds of this
Name of rather cold small island nation northeast of Surtsey -Surtsey, an island which began forming in 1963, is the world&#039;s newest significant island
Blockbuster science-fiction Series whose "third" episode ended with a lightsaber fight on the volcanic planet Mustafar.
Planet on which Olympus Mons, largest volcano in the solar system, three times as tall as Mt. Everest, is located
This volcanic rock is actually a type of glass. It is full of air pockets which make it light enough to float.
The name's the same: In optics, especially in a camera, a hole or opening through which light is admitted, AND an evil science corporation controlled by an AI unit gone wrong named GlaDOS.
behind the table and through the door
Identify all prepositional phrases in the following sentence: Timmy sat behind the table, waiting to surprise his sister who walked through the door."
Name the U.S. President whom two Puerto Ricans tried to assassinate in Blair House in 1950. This is also the President who has no middle name.
Romeo and Juliet
What famous play begins with the lines, Two households, both alike in dignity, in fair Verona, where we lay our scene . . .
What is the name of the noble gas with the atomic symbol He, which is lighter than air, and makes a voice higher pitched when inhaled?
This country is geographically, politically, and officially part of two continents -Europe and Asia. The smaller northwestern portion (Thrace) is part of Europe, while the larger portion (Anatolia) is part of Asia. Name this nation.
(Wolfgang Amadeus) Mozart
This prolific Austrian composer lived in the Classical era of music. He composed such works as the Jupiter Symphony and Eine [I-nah] Kleine [KLEYE-nah] Nachtmusik [NACH-museek] He is well known as a child prodigy, going on his first tour at the age of seven. Name him.
What is the musical term for a work of music usually composed of a solo instrument accompanied by an orchestra?
In the movie Shine, the main character suffers a mental breakdown while learning a notoriously difficult concerto by this composer. Who is this Russian composer, pianist, and conductor whose second and third concerti are his most popular?
What are the objects thought to be the very bright centers of distant galaxies, where a kind of energetic action is occurring, probably due to the presence of a super-massive black hole at the center of that galaxy?
Name the kind of neutron star that emits beams of high-energy radiation which we see in a unique way due to a misalignment of the star's rotation and magnetic axes [AX-eez]. This causes the radiation generated within the magnetic field to sweep in and out of our line of sight.
This literary hero is now played on film by actor Daniel Craig, but he was first seen in the novel Casino Royale and later, From Russia with Love. Name this Ian Fleming hero also known as 007.
Ninety years is a long time for anyone to be swinging though the jungle. No doubt Edgar Rice Burroughs would be both amazed and amused that his greatest creation is still finding fans worldwide. Name the character he created who was portrayed in 1930's films by former Olympian Johnny Weissmuller.
Think carefully before answering this question: Provide the specific name for country in which the resignation of Vaclav Havel occurred in July 20, 1992.
Only the United States, Liberia and Burma/Myanmar use the rather unpopular system of units known as the US Customary Units or Standard Units. What is the name of the other system of units used by most of the rest of the world?
You are going on a road in Canada in which the speed limit is 80 km/h. What is the speed limit in miles/hr? Round to the nearest units digit!
Your little sister is bothering you again. She wants to know how tall she is. If she is 1 meter tall, what is her height in inches? Round to the nearest units digit!
An earlier London Bridge, constructed in 1831, can now be found in Lake Havasu City in which state?
Gross National Product
What is the economic terms that means "the value of all the goods and services produced in an economy, plus the value of the goods and services imported, less the goods and services exported."? This term is abbreviated as GNP.
The boundary between THIS economic term and deflation is called price stability. What is this economic term?
What word is missing from this old joke among economists that states: A recession is when your neighbor loses his job; a __________ is when you lose your own job.
This Greek god, the guide for the dead, was often depicted holding a staff carved with snakes. Who is he?
The rod of Asclepius (ah-SKELP-ee-us) has a single snake twirled around a stem. Hermes carried it, but nowadays, the image of two snakes in a double helix pattern is associated with medicine. What name, beginning with "C" is given to this staff?
Hermes is known as Mercury in Latin. So tell me, using numbers 1 - 8 with 1 being the smallest and 8 being the largest planet in our solar system, what number corresponds to the size of the planet Mercury?
On August 29th this caused massive amounts of destruction on the gulf coast including over 80 billion dollars in damage. Name the hurricane that ravaged Louisiana in 2005.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEMA was widely criticized for its inadequate response to hurricane Katrina. For what does FEMA stand?
Katrina is a fairly important character in the first novel of The Inheritance Cycle. What is the title of this first of, so far, three novels?
A Great and Terrible Beauty
This novel by Libba Bray is the first of a trilogy. Gemma Doyle wants to leave India, runs off when her mother refuses to send her to London, has a dreadful vision and witnesses her mother's death. Two months later, Gemma is enrolled in London's Spence School for Young Ladies. She gradually learns to control her visions and enter the "realms" where magical powers can make anything happen and where her mother waits to instruct her. What is the title of this popular young adult novel?
This "Buckeye" state was the boyhood home of Wilbur and Orville Wright and was a deciding factor in the 2004 presidential election.
This state was considered so industrious that its symbol is beehive. It is probably better known for its Mormons.
This East Coast state is home to Harper's Ferry and the Greenbrier Hotel, a bunker for Presidents during the Cold War.
This state has the "Loneliest Highway in America" near Great Basin National Park, but is also home to major gambling centers.
This was the 48th state and is the only state that does not follow Daylight Saving Time, except for on its Navajo Reservation.
Both this state and New Mexico claimed the title of "The Sunshine State." This southeastern state kept the title, forcing New Mexico to find a new nickname.
You find pelicans in a number of states, but this is "The Pelican State" because of the number of pelicans you find in its bayous and other watery places.
"The Sunflower State" also has the state flower on its flag; its northern border is Nebraska and its southern is primarily Oklahoma.