Inflammation of the mucous membranes that lines the nose.
Inflammation of the membrane lining of the facial sinuses.
Inflammation of the pharynx
Another term for the common cold is
Inflammation of the trachea
Inflammation of the airways that connect the trachea and lungs
There are several kinds of this- can be caused by bacteria
viruses, fungi, chemical/physical agents and inactivity, Pneumonia
Inflammation of one or more lobes of the lung is called
An infection of the bronchioles
a bronchitis, Bronchiopneumonia
Influenzal pneumonia caused by an inhaled virus
Inflammation of the pleura
What is Empyema?
Accumulation of pus in the body cavity or in certain organs
Caused by the inhalation of Mycobacterium? How is it spread?
Tuberculosis / Airborne droplet spray
Inflammation of the lungs or chronic induration (hardening or thickening of tissue) resulting from the inhalation of dust (or mineral dust from non-fibrous materials)?
An airless condition of the lungs due to a collapse caused by obstruction of a bronchus or bronchiole is called
Lungs disease which damages aveoli
Inflation of the lungs with trapped air (or distention of air sacs of the lungs by gas or air beyond their normal size) is
Pus in the pleural cavity is called
Collapse of the lungs is called
COPD stands for
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
The most common type of lung cancer is
What is cystic fibrosis?
A hereditary disorder characterized by lung congestion & infection & malabsorption of nutrients
Cyanosis is a ________ discoloration of the skin.
Edema of the thoracic cavity is called
Formation of cavities in an organ or tissue - frequently seen in lungs of people who have tuberculosis
Rhinitis is associated with the
What is uremia?
Prescence of excess urea & other waste products due to kidney failure.
Degenerative inflammation of the glomeruli is called
A suppurative inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis is called
Inflammation of the kidney pelvis
Distension of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of an obstruction is called
Kidney stones are called
renal calculi or renal calculus
Inflammation of the ureter due to blockage or infection
Inflammation of the urinary bladder
Inflammation of the urethra usually due to an infection
What are polycystic kidneys?
Inherited kidney disorder= enlarges & interferes w/ function because of multiple cysts on the kidneys.
Production of a reduced quantity of urine
A total stoppage of urine production is called
Pus in the urine is known as
List some postmortem condition associated with renal failure
Uremia, edema, odr of urine in tissues
What is glycosuria?
Prescence of glucose in the urine
Coryza affects what system of the body?
What causes anthracosis?
Carbon build up in the lungs by smoke & coal dust
Inflammation of the meninges by bacterial, viral or fungal infection.
What is hydrocephalus?
Congenital Hydrocephalus = build up excess of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) w/in the brain that is present @ birth.
Acquired Hydrocephalus = Caused by conditions that develop after birth such as a hemorrhage
meningitis, head trauma tumors & cysts.
Inflammation of the brain is called
Swelling of the spinal cord that disrupts CNS functions linking brain & limbs.
Inflammation of the grey matter of the brain and spinal cord caused by a virus describes the condition known as
Inflammation of nerves or series of nerves
What is epilepsy?
Brain disorder involving repeated seizures of any type.
Describe petit mal epilepsy
Brief episodes of staring, where the person experiencing them may have impaired responsiveness awareness.
2 types of seizures
absence & complex
Describe grand mal epilepsy
Tonic-clonic seizure involving the entire body, which usually involve muscle rigidity, violent muscle contractions and los of conciousness.
A disease of warm blooded animals that can be transmitted to humans through bites and scratches ___________. Also known as ___________.
Saliva / Rabies
What is multiple sclerosis?
Autoimmune disease that affects the CNS as a from the damaged myelin sheeth.
A disease of brain degeneration that appears gradually and progresses slowly and is recognized by tremors: _________ Also known as _______________
Shaking Palsy / Parkinson's Disease
The most common form of dementia; some familial tendency to develop it
A central nervous system disease caused by a "slow virus" or a "prion"
A disease of nonprogressive brain damage manifested my motor retardation and sometimes also mental retardation
What is a CVA? What is it commonly known as?
Cerebrovascular Accident AKA Cerebrovascular Disease or Stroke
What is a TIA and what does the abbreviation stand for?
Transient Ischemic Attack: Caused by a temporary state of reduced blood flow by tiny blood clots in the brain.
A transient disorder of the nervous system resulting from a violent blow on the head is called a
Define a brain contusion?
Bruises of the brain tissue considered a form of traumatic brain injury which can be caused by microhemorrhages.
Hemorrhage between the dura mater and the skull is called
What is a subdural hemorrhage?
Collection of blood on the surface of the brain caused by a traumatic injury, which is considered Acute, or by stretching of blood vessels in the brain in elderly persons where the blood collects is known as chronic.
The surface of the brain may be torn by a skull fracture
causing what type of hemorrhage?, Compound Fracture causing a Subdural hematoma
List some postmortem conditions associated with brain damage?
Rapid decomp of brain can distend eyeballs & cause brain purge
Identify the components of the respiratory system:
Nasal Cavity, Oral Cavity,
Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea,
Bronchi, Lung, Heart, Ribs,
What comprises the upper respiratory system?
What comprises the lower respiratory system?
Trachea, Primary Bronchi, Lungs
Two openings in the underside of the nose:
The intermediate portion of the pharynx is called
Paired cone-shaped organs lying in the thoracic cavity
What is the pleural membrane?
Parietal Pleura - Outer pleura is attached to the chest wall
Visceral Pleura - Inner pleura is attached to the lining and other visceral tissues
Define respiration simply....
Breathing / Oxygen passed though the larynx & the trachea and to the two bronchi. Then into the bronchial tubes, lungs and aveoli, capillaries, O2 & CO2 exchange & CO2 is released the same as one exhales.
Identify the components of the urinary system
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder,
After the kidneys filter blood & returns most of the water and solutes to the bloodstream, What remains
Urea, Ammonia, Bilirubin,
Creatine, Uric Acid, Drugs,
They are reddish and bean-shaped and lie just above the waist between the peritoneum and the posterior wall of the abdomen. What are they?
Kidneys are said to be in the _________ periotoneal cavity in location.
The functional unit of the kidney:
A tangled ball shaped capillary network within each nephron:
What is a urinalysis?
Physical/chemical examination of the urine.
These transport the urine from the renal pelvis of the kidney to the urinary bladder:
A hollow distensible muscular organ situated in the pelvic cavity posterior to the pubic symphysis:
The branch of medical science that studies the nervous system:
The most complex or all body systems is the
From the base of the brain emerge 12 pairs of these:
Define a nerve?
Bundle of fiber that conveys impulses between the brain & other parts of the body.
This connects to the brain through the foramen magnum of the skull?
There are 31 pairs of these each serving a specific region on the right or left side of the body:
The nervous system is made up of the ________ _________ _______ and the ________ _________ _______.
Somatic nervous system / Autonomic nervous systems
What comprises the central nervous system?
Brain & Spinal Cord
The receiving portions of neurons are called?
Dendrites - They look like branches/spikes extending from the cell body.
What is a synapse?
Junction that permits a neuron to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another cell.