refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
a story with a second distinct meaning partially hidden behind its literal or visible meaning
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in a series of words
a reference to something well known from literature history, religion, mythology, etc in order to enhance meaning
illustration of an idea by means of a more familiar idea that is parallel to it in some significant features
repetition of the same group of words at the beginning of successive lines, clauses or sentences
a story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
The presentation of two contrasting images or ideas. The ideas are usually presented in a balanced structure of words, phrases, clauses, or paragraphs.
repetition of vowel sounds at the beginning or in the middle of two or more adjacent words
phrases or clauses balance each other in grammatical structure, in meaning, or in length
harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work.
informal expression appropriate to everyday speech rather than to formal writing, often to create local color and to provide an informal tone
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event
a sentence that contains two or more independent clauses
a sentence that contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
a sentence that contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
a clash between opposing forces in a literary work, such as man vs. man; man vs. nature; man vs. fate; man vs. self; man vs. society
the interpretive level of a word based on its associated images rather than its literal meaning