WH Chapter 14

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cartography

map-making

scurvy

disease caused by lack of Vitamin C

circumnavigate

sail around

conquistadors

spanish conquerors

immunity

resistance, particularly from disease

viceroys

representative who ruled in the name of the king

encomiendas

right to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans in a particular area

Peons

peasant workers

Moluccas

spice islands

Prince henry the navigator

financed portugese voyages

Ceuta

1st modern colony

Bartholomeu Dias

founded Cape of Good Hope

Cape of Good Hope

rounded tip of Africa

Vasco de Gama

reached India by going around Africa

1492

spain expelled jews

Ferninand and Isabella

spanish monarchs who wanted to protect lands in New World

Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria

Columbus' 3 ships

Pope Alexander VI

decided on Line of Demarcation and Treaty of Tourdesillas

Line of Demarcation

line dividing European world into 2 zones; split b/w spain and portugal

Treaty of Tourdesillas

agreed on proposed line of demarcation

Amerigo Vespucci

wrote journal accounts of new world

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

claimed south sea and shores for spain

Pacific Ocean

"south sea"

Ferninand Magellan

claimed Pacific ocean

Compass

magnetized technology allowing for circumnavigation to occur

Astrolabe

gave time and latitude

Caravel

small, fast maneuverable ship

compass, astrolabe, caravel, cartography

new technology allowing circumnavigation

cape town

1st permanent European settlement in africa

Boers

settled cape town

Boers

dutch farmers

Dutch East India Company

wealthy, powerful, sovereign

sovereign

self ruling, independent of gov.

Philippines

named after King Philip II

hernan cortes

conquistador leader against aztec empire

tenochtitlan

capital of aztec empire

moctezuma

aztec emperor

Hernando de soto

wanted gold and route to China

Francisco Vasquez de Conorado

search for golden empires;FAIL

francisco pizarro

conquistador against incan empire

Inca Empire

peru, ecuador used to be the

atahualpa

incan emperor who was taken hostage by spaniards and later executed

Bartolome de las Casas

protested encomienda system

Peninsulares

top of social heirarchy
-born on Iberian peninsula

Creoles

-born 2nd descendants of Spanish settlers

Mestizos

Native American/Euro descent of Spanish

mulattoes

african/european descent

Jacques River

discovered St lawrence river

1607

Jamestown, VA becomes it's1st perm. english settlement

pilgrims

english protestants who rejected Church of England

Mayflower Compact

self Gov agreement

John Winthrop

"city on a hill"

Triangular Trade

3 leg journey from Europe -> africa --> New World -->Europe

Council of the Indies

governmental body in spain that made laws for new world spanish colonies

Philippines

where journey ended for the man who almost circumnavigated

Atahualpa

Emperor of Incan Empire

Moctezuma

Emperor of aztecs

Gold, glory and god

motivation fr explorers

Horse

Animal brought from old world that had impact

1607

Jamestown founded when?

Moctezuma

Hernan cortes takes down who?

Gold, route to asia, spices

Jacques sent to find what in new world?

Treaty of Paris

treaty ending french/indian war

audencias

advisory councils of spanish settlers who helped viceroys rule

outpost

location for trade

Malinche

???

Mercantillism

economic system based on strengthening a nation's economy by exporting more than importing esp. by exploiting overseas colonies

capitalism

economic system in which most businesses are owned privately and independently of gov't

Columbian Exchange

Global exchange of goods, animals, plants, and disease between old and new world

Middle Passage

2nd leg of triangular trade; horror for africans

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