what is ecological theory
theory states that individuals develop through lasting interactions and their environment present in four interrelated social systems.
how is ecological theory applied to counseling
interactions and environment are specific to each individual
counselors can learn about all the different spheres of individual's life to understand their developmental process.
What is reality theory?
The goal is to achieve goals, assist with decision making goals and modify behavior.
what is the focus of Reality Theory?
It focuses on helping clients to be more responsible without blaming them.
Help the client analyze their goals and break their goals down into manageable steps so that an action plan can be created.
Also help clients analyze their behaviors to find out which ones are hold them back from reaching their goals.
What is the focus of CBT ?
To identify certain kinds of thoughts and look at them objectively teaching clients to replace their thoughts with more forgiven ones. For example if a client can feel sadness without being depressed.
Trait Factor Theory
-know your options, choices, market
-make a decision
Social Cognitive Theory
it is all about modeling
most effective when a person is respected
it works well with group counseling
Solution Based Therapy
-It is directive
-Focus on solutions to problems, not where the problems stem from.
-Well suited for counseling situations where time is limited.
What is the REBT?
is an action-oriented approach to managing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral disturbances.
ABC Active (event) Belief Consequence
Accept that all people are fallible
People are not neither all good nor bad
Unconditional self acceptance, others and life
Find irrational beliefs and help the client see the error in their thinking and replace it with rational thoughts.