What name do we give to the Greek Civilization that thrived on Crete in 2000 BCE?
What do we call the Greeks who lived from 2000 BCE to 1300 BCE and fought in the Trojan War?
What was another name for Troy?
What famous blind poet wrote epic poems about the Trojan War, 400 years after it ended?
Olive oil, linen, wine, weapons, coins, jewelry, or pottery
Name at least three major exports that Greeks shipped to other countries
What do we call the swirf military vessels that had three levels of rowers and protected Greek merchant ships?
Insurance and moneylending
What two new businesses increased as a result of using coins?
Controlling imports and exports, setting prices, protective tariffs, and/or collecting taxes
Name at least two ways the Greek government was involved in trade
The Archaic Age
In what age was there the Rise of the Polis?
Who were the ambitious aristocrats in the Archaic period who led revolts to have more voice in government?
A few, generally wealthy and powerful individuals
Who rules in an oligarchy
Persian Empire or Persia
What empire was a threat to Greek freedom in the Archaic Age?
He created the Athenian Assembly, lawmaking body of Athens
Why was Cleisthenes famous?
How were Athenian leaders (including generals) selected?
What do we call the practice of banishing overly ambitious citizens who were deemed dangerous to the polis?
Three hundred soldiers from what polis held off the whole Persian army at the narrow pass of Thermopylae in 480 BCE?
What was the name of the people conquered by the Spartans and forced to turn over most of their farm crops to their Spartan overlords?
What was the name of the people who were generally foreign-born free men and women who lived and worked in ancient Greece?
A gymnasium where young Greek males trained in the skills of war
What is a palaestra and how was it used?
Walked wealthy boys to school and oversaw homework tasks
What was the job of a pedagogue?
Stylus and wax tablet
What did students in ancient Greece use instead of pencil and paper?
To what class did freed slaves belong?
About 18 years old
At what age were boys enrolled as Athenian soldiers and learned the duties of citizenship and war?
To spin, weave, and embroider
What skills did Athenian girls learn that Athenian boys did not learn?
The Golden Age
What's another name for the Classical Age that lasted generally from 500-400 BCE?
Athens and Sparta
Who were the two major opposing city-states in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE)?
Philip II of Macedonia
Alexander learned to be an outstanding general from his father, king of Macedonia. What was his fathers name?
Alexander or Alexander the Great
Which Greek military genius conquered the largest empire ever seen between 334-332 BCE?
After Alexander's death, which of his generals became ruler of Egypt and established the city of Alexandria?
What name do we give to the age after Alexander's death when Greek culture and civilization continued to spread over the known world from 330-30 BCE?
A great library and the Museum of Alexandria
What two significant institutes of knowledge did Ptolemy establish in Alexandria?
The Roman Empire or Rome
What great civilization finally conquered the ancient Greek Empire?