1743-1826. Third President of United States. Main author of the Declaration of Independence. Promoted ideals of republicanism in the United States.
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's view of his election to presidency. Jefferson claimed that the election of 1800 represented a return to what he considered the original spirit of the Revolution. Jefferson's goals for his revolution were to restore the republican experiment, check the growth of government power, and to halt the decay of virtue that had set in under Federalist rule.
(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Judiciary Act of 1801
One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
Marbury v. Madison
(1803) Marbury was a midnight appointee of the Adams administration and sued Madison for commission. Chief Justice Marshall said the law that gave the courts the power to rule over this issue was unconstitutional. established judicial review
supreme court justice of whom the Democratic-Republican Congress tried to remove in retaliation of the John Marshall's decision regarding Marbury; was not removed due to a lack of votes in the Senate.
North African nations; America paid a yearly tribute (bribe) to their rulers to protect American ships.
Conflict in 1801 when the pasha of Tripoli cut down the flagstaff of the American consulate, lasting four years, after which a treaty was reached for the sum of $60,000 to ransom captured Americans.
Robert R. Livingston
along with James Monroe, negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million
Led the Haitian revolt against France, therefore causing Napoleon to give up his dream of an empire in the Americas. Napoleon then decided to sell the Louisiana Territory.
A territory in the west central United States purchased from France for $15 million in 1803; extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, and the gulf of Mexico to Canada.
United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809)
co leader for the expedition West. Appointed by Meriwether Lewis. He was a skilled map maker.
United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson for his first term. He kiled Alexander Hamilton in a duel and later tried to form a Confederace in the western U.S. but failed.
The corrupt military governor of Louisiana Territory; made an allegiance with Burr to separate the western part of the United States from the East and expand their new confederacy with invasions of Spanish-controlled Mexico and Florida.
Orders in Council
Britain blockaded the ports of France and its allies, thereby preventing neutral nations from trading with these nations
British warship fired on US warship off Virginia's coast, killing three Americans; resulted in high anti-British sentiment (1807).
signed by thomas jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all american goods and american ships from sailing for foreign ports.
it allowed Americans to carry or trade with all nations except for Britian and France.
Strict constructionist, 4th president, father of the Constitution, leads nation through War of 1812.
Macon's Bill No. 2
1810 - Forbade trade with Britain and France, but offered to resume trade with whichever nation lifted its neutral trading restrictions first. France quickly changed its policies against neutral vessels, so the U.S. resumed trade with France, but not Britain.
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
A famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement.
William Henry Harrison
Govenor of the Indiana territory, that fought against Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe.