Stock that has been repurchased by the company and held in its treasury
Shares that have been issued by the company
Shares that have been issued by the company and are held by investors
Authorized Share Capital
Maximum number of shares that a company is permitted to issue
Value of a security shown in the company's accounts
Additional paid-in capital
The difference between issue price and par value of stock. aka capital surplus
Earnings not paid out as dividends, saved for later financing and investing
Voting system in which each director is voted on separately.
Voting system in which all votes that on shareholder is allowed to cast can be cast for one candidate for the board of directors.
Takeover attempt in which outsiders compete with management for shareholders' votes.
Stock that takes priority over common stock in regard to dividends.
Book value of common stockholders' equity plus preferred stock.
Preferred stock paying dividends that vary with short-term interest rates.
Benchmark interest rate charged by banks
Debt with more than one year remaining to maturity
Fund established to retire debt before maturity
Bond that may be repurchased by the firm before maturity at a specified call price
Debt that may be repaid in bankruptcy only after senior debt is paid
Debt that has first claim on specified collateral in the event of default.
Dollars held on deposit in a bank outside the United States
Bond that is marketed internationally
Sales of securities to a limited amount of investors without a public offering.
Restriction on a firm to protect bond holders
Bond that the holder may exchange for a specified amount of another security
Internally Generated Funds
Cash invested in the firm: depreciation plus earnings not paid out as dividends.
Difference between the cash companies need and the amount generated internally