genetically influenced declines in the functioning of organs and and systems that are universal
type of DNA, located at the ends of chromosomes. shorten as we age, protective caps found on the ends of chromosomes
naturally occurring highly reactive chemicals that form in the presence of oxygen
cross-linkage theory of aging
over time, protein fibers that make up the body/s connective tissue form bonds. when these normally separate fibers cross-link, tissue becomes less elastic, leading to many negative outcomes
basal metabolic rate
the amount of energy the body uses at complete rest
refers to our reflections on how we arrived at facts, beliefs, and ideas.
dividing information, values, and authority into right and wrong, good and bad, we and they
viewing all knowledge as embedded in a framework of thought. aware of a diversity of opinions on many topics, they give up the possibility of absolute truth in favor of multiple truths, each relative to its context.
commitment within relativistic thinking
instead of choosing between opposing views, they try to formulate a more satisfying perspective that synthesizes contradictions.
a structural advance in which logic becomes a tool for solving real world problems
awareness of positive and negative feelings and coordination of them into a complex organized structure
acquisition of extensive knowledge in a field or endeavor
fantasizing about career options in early and middle childhood
thinking about careers in complex ways in adolescence
late teens. narrow vocational options. includes exploration and crystallization
delayed and prolonged transition to adult roles
intimacy vs. isolation
erikson's conflict of early adulthood
levinson. underlying design of a person's life, consisting of relationships with significant others
age graded expectations for major life events
triangular theory of love
sternberg. intimacy, passion, and commitment. shift in emphasis as romantic relationships develop
intense sexual attraction
warm, trusting, affection and caregiving
unhappiness resulting from a gap between the social relationships we currently have and those we desire
family life cycle
a sequence of phases characterizing the development of most families around the world
clear division of husband and wife's roles. man is head of household, woman is caregiver
partners relate as equals, sharing power and authority.
lifestyle of unmarried couples who have a sexually intimate relationship and share a residence