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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. osmosis
  2. constrict arterioles and increase blood pressure
  3. secondary active transport
  4. 1.001-1.035
  5. They are trilayered (mucosa, muscularis, and adventitia).
  1. a The mechanism of water reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________.
  2. b An important characteristic of urine is its specific gravity or density, which is ________.
  3. c Reabsorption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate is accomplished by ________.
  4. d Which of the following statements describes the histology of the ureters?
  5. e The function of angiotensin II is to ________.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Fetal kidneys do not have to work very hard because ________.
  2. The filtration membrane includes all except ________.
  3. If the GFR is too low, needed substances may pass so quickly through the renal tubules that they are not absorbed and instead are lost in the urine.
  4. The macula densa cells respond to ________.
  5. The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________.

5 True/False questions

  1. appear in the urineThe fluid in the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of ________.


  2. the stretching of the bladder wallThe kidneys are stimulated to produce renin ________.


  3. loop of HenleThe mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permeability properties of the ________.


  4. stabilizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal positionUrine passes through the ________.


  5. by active mechanisms usually involves movement against an electrical and/or chemical gradientTubular reabsorption ________.


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