5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- the stretching of the bladder wall
- by active mechanisms usually involves movement against an electrical and/or chemical gradient
- The parietal layer of the glomerular capsule is simple squamous epithelium.
- appear in the urine
- a Urine is 95% water by volume.
- b Which of the following acts as the trigger for the initiation of micturition (voiding)?
- c If the Tm for a particular amino acid is 120 mg/100 ml and the concentration of that amino acid in the blood is 230 mg/100 ml, the amino acid will ________.
- d Select the correct statement about the nephrons.
- e Tubular reabsorption ________.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Which of the choices below is not a function of the urinary system?
- The macula densa cells respond to ________.
- A disease caused by inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) by the pituitary gland with symptoms of polyuria is ________.
- Site that drains the distal convoluted tubule.
- Excretion of dilute urine requires ________.
5 True/False questions
inhibits the release of ADH → An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n) ________.
glomerular hydrostatic pressure (glomerular blood pressure) → The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerulus is the ________.
Net filtration would decrease. → The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permeability properties of the ________.
True → Water reabsorption through the proximal convoluted tubule is termed obligatory water reabsorption, whereas water reabsorption through the distal convoluted tubule is termed facultative water reabsorption.
False → If the GFR is too low, needed substances may pass so quickly through the renal tubules that they are not absorbed and instead are lost in the urine.