What was necessary for education to develop as a separate social institution ?
society had to develop a sufficient surplus to devote some people to teaching
What social event created the belief that formal education was essential to the well being of society?
the industrialization of society
Who was the educator from Massachusetts. who, in 1837, proposed the "common school" to be supported through the tax dollars and established throughout the state (aka public schools)?
The hunting-gathering societies have no seperate social institution called education.
What is the central sociological principle of education as it relates to a nation's needs?
it is a relfection of the nation's culture and economy
How did Horace Mann propose that the common schools he established be funded?
What is the process by which schools pass a society's core values from one generation to the next?
cultural transmission of values
What is the most popular way to accompolish gatekeeping?
tracking or sorting students into different education programs
the central sociological principle of education is...
it reflects the nation's culture
Social integration promotes a student's
dedication to a national identity
A form of gatekeeping that uses diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for a job is called ________.
What do conflict theorists believe is the purpose of the hiddent curriculum?
it promotes social inequalities
According to sociologist Harry Gracey, kindergarten is somewhat like boot camp for the entire educational system because the student...
is taught to follow orders without questioning authority
The most significant predictor of whether a student will attend college is his/her ___________.
Who developed the concept of self-fulfilling prophecy that explains why originally false assumptions become true because the outcome was predicted?
Tracking is a form of gatekeeping in which students are sorted by their perceived ablities rather than their achieved ablities
To qualify as distance learning, what needs to be in effect?
students are not physically present with the instructor
What is the concept that some jobs require few skills and can be performed by people of less intelligence ?
higher intellectual levels
Prior to a formal system of eduation that included schools, teachers,and diplomas how was the manifest function of education accomplished?
through a process of acculturation
What is the main focus relfected by the education system in Japan?
a group centered approach that stresses uniformity
who continued education during the dark ages
harry gracey likening kindergarten to boot camp is an example of
cultural transmission of values through our schools
function of education that determines which people will enter what occupations
typical form of education in colonial times
who began the "contemporary" home school movement in the 1950's and 60'
the home school shifted to who in the 70's and 80's
based on studies, are home school students affected socially?
no and they have fewer behavioral problems
the hidden curriculum refers to...
the attitudes and unwritten goals of the school/ conflict theorists believe it promotes social inequality
according to gracey how is kindergarten like boot camp
on command following classroom routines, speak when spoken to, acknowledge teachers ideas as superior
what did gracey conclude was THE purpose of kindergarten?
follow orders with unquestioning obedience
where does the funding for public schools come from
local property tax
conflict perspective on funding for public schools
the deck is stacked in ALL states against the poor