The annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938.
Between Hitler and Japan; offered security against Russia.
Policy of giving into an an aggressor's demands in order to keep peace
August 1941; called for peace without territorial expansion or secret agreements, and for free elections, and self-determination for all liberated nations.
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Battle of Stalingrad
Turning point for Germany in the war.
Battle of the Bulge
Allies can cross Rhine River, December 1, 1944 last ditch effort by Germans to get back to the North sea, Allies defend Antwerp
U.S.A, Soviet Union, and Great Britain
Resolved to accept nothing less than unconditional surrender of Axis powers.
Hitler was given this title in Germany
Charles de Gaulle
Leader of France
June 6, 1944; Americans and British forces under General Dwight Eisenhower landed on the beaches of Normandy; this was history's greatest naval invasion.
French leader of the radical sociallists; accepted Hitler's terms for peace.
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
President during WWII
Spanish General; organized the revolt in Morooco, which led to the Spanish Civil War. Leader of the Nationalists - right wing, supported by Hitler and Mussolini, won the Civil War after three years of fighting.
Was the general for the Allies at many different battles, Supreme allied commander, after war he becomes President of the USA.
The deliberate and systematic destruction of a religious, racial, national, or cultural group of people
President after FDR died
Leader of Germany and lead the Nazi's, German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Invasion of Poland
Forced Britain and France to enter war
Symbol of the Cold War, A term popularized by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to describe the Soviet Union's policy of isolation during the Cold War. The barrier isolated Eastern Europe from the rest of the world.
Communist statesman; leader of Bolshevik Party; became ruler of USSR after Lenin; assumed full military and political leadership.
Chancellor of Germany in 1949; the former mayor of Cologne and a long-time anti-Nazi, who began his long highly successful democratic rule; West Germany had a majority of Christan Demograts; helped regain respect for Germany
Room to move. Phrase used by Hitler to justify invasion of other countries.
In 1941, the US lent money and resources to the European states to help reconstruction.
As siege was put on ______ by Germany to try to make the Russians surrender
German air force
Line of defense builti by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
Miracle of Dunkirk
Brought Britain into WWII
1938; Chamberlain, France and other countries (not the USSR); they agreed that Sudentenland should be ceded to Germany; Chamberlain secured peace with Germany.
Not to fight if one went to war and to divide up Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe
1938; gullible British Prime Minister; declared that Britain and France would fight if Hitler attacked Poland.
Beach in France Allies Invaded,Codenamed Operation Overlord, it was the long awaited Allied invasion of France and the opening of the Second Front during World War II. The initial invasion began on June 6, 1944.
Trials for Germans who committed crimes against humanity
Operation Sea Lion
The navy attack on the British by the Germans was called this
Opposition to all war
American General at the Battle of the Bulge
Country the USSR and Germany agree to divide
Brought forward many differences over east Europe; postwar conference in July of 1945;
The alliance between Italy and Germany
Russo-German Nonaggression Pact
Hitler and Stalin promised to remain neutral if either country were to become involved in was; August 1939. Was supposed to last 10 years, but Hitler invaded Russian in 1941.
Hitler wanted German speaking people in West Czech; this would be given to Germany.
Meeting in 1943; Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill; confirmed their defense to crush Hitler.
Channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
End of war in Europe
Name for the German Army
British Prime minister from 26 October 1951 - 7 April 1955
On the Black Sea; the Big Three met in February 1945 in southern Russia; it was agreed that Germany would be divided into zones of occupation and would pay heavy reparations to the Soviet Union in the form of agricultural and industrial goods.
the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
Hitler's plan for conquest of the Soviet Union.
"Phony War" with Hitler in 1939-1940 where Hitler prepared for his attack
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Country in Africa invaded by Mussolini
Spanish Civil War
war between monarchs and socialists in spain that hitler used as a testing site for new war technologies
Book written by Hitler while he was exiled, my struggle.
The German people
Royal Air Force
the airforce of Great Britain
Tripartite Treaty of 1940
1940; An extension of the Rome-Berlin Axis to Include Japan
Miracle of Dunkirk
1940; After Hitler conquered France and trapped the British soldiers, the British were able to ferry the British soldiers accross the English Channel to saftey
Lend Lease act
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
A group of laws that robbed German Jews of their citizenship in 1935
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Organizations set up under Hitler to train an educate German young people in Nazi beliefs
A naval battle in the Pacific against the Japanese that protected the security of Australia
Fierce air and naval battle that blunted the chance of another assault on Hawaii and did enough damage to halt the japanese advance.
General Hideki Tojo
General who took power to Japan and was the architect of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
British bombing of Germany that was considered especially savage and destructive
US strategy of selecting certain Japanese bases along the enemy supply line.
First Japanese city to be struck by the atomic bomb
Second Japanese city to be struck by the atomic bomb
Japanese emperor, intervined to force the government's surrender to the United States
"subhuman creatures," those Hitler did not believe he needed to treat humanely
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
Nazi term for "Jew free"
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
an act of great destruction and loss of life
The policy of the 19th century tsars of identifying loyalty to their government with membership in the Russian Orthodox Church